Do you have a family member or friend who suffers from diabetes? If you have seen diabetes closely, perhaps you may wonder how does insulin work in our body. What is the apparently vital role it plays in the treatment of this threatening disease – diabetes.
First of all, let us dig deeper into the term "insulin" and all about it before going deeper to its functions in our body. Insulin, also known as insula in Latin and island in English has been a popular term and most discussed at a time like this when diabetes is proving to be a rampant and threatening disease all over the world and it continues to cause alarming death statistics.
The history behind insulin is really very simple. Paul Langerhans, who was a mid-19th century German scientist, discovered cell patches in tissues of the pancreas. In 1893, a French histologist, who was also an expert on microscopic structures of animal or plant tissues named, G.E. Languesse, named the cells that Langerhans described as "ilots de Langerhans," or islets of Langerhans.
They are similar to small islands that have a rich blood supply and contain several types of cells including alpha cells (secretes glucagon) and beta cells (secretes insulin) which are known as regulating hormones of glucose levels.
It is insulin that normally keeps blood glucose levels from going too high and thus prevents the development of diabetes. Glucagon is secreted when blood glucose levels are low. It stimulates the liver and muscles to break down glycogen which was created when the insulin caused blood glucose to be stored as glycogen in the liver. In normal humans, insulin and glycogen control blood glucose levels effectively by preventing them to get too high or too low.
Considering the definition of insulin and the mechanics of its functioning is critical and it should be taken note of seriously. If your body constantly has high insulin levels, it can create "insulin desensitivity" and it would ultimately lead to the threatening disease of diabetes. Many studies have revealed relations between constantly high insulin levels and a host of degenerative diseases like heart disease and cancer.
The body sugar is used for immediate energy when needed or converted to glycogen and stored in muscles and the liver for future quick energy needs or it is stored as fat after insulin removes the sugar from the bloodstream.
Thus, insulin in due course takes excess blood sugar and stores it as body fat. Reducing insulin production can lower fat storage as well and it can significantly impact one’s overall health. Thus, insulin helps prevents a host of degenerative diseases. How does insulin work - the answer to that question is that this lipogenic force plays a vital part in the body functioning and it directly impacts one’s percentage of body fat.
Another answer to the function of insulin involves insulin's anabolic force or collision or anabolic impacts. Insulin escorts amino acids and other nutrients into cells and muscle tissue after being released into the bloodstream, While amino acids are the building blocks of our body's cells, this anabolic capability is very important to the progression of repairing cellular harm. Consequently, despite our need to control insulin levels to lessen body fat and improve our health, we badly need insulin to repair cellular damage caused as a part of daily activity.