The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) provides safety measures against potential airline accidents and lawsuits. It set the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 that regulates the following:
1. Ensure that air commerce companies comply with national defense requirements.
2. Regulate civil and military operations.
3. Promote safety and efficiency in air commerce operations.
4. Monitor developments in civil Aeronautics.
5. Encourage research and development in air navigation facilities.
6. Oversee operations in air traffic control.
7. Manage civil and military aircraft.
8. Develop preventive measures against aircraft noise, environmental effects, and sonic booms.
The FAA maintains overall operations concerning safety, operations, research and development, and maintenance of aircraft. It ensures the safety of staff, personnel, and passengers. It enforces the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act that monitors dangerous chemicals in airlines.
The FAA also conducts research and development on areas of federal visual and electronic aids. It maintains operations in voice and data communications equipment, visual display equipment, radar facilities, and airport traffic control towers.
It also seeks innovative solutions on aero medical research that can improve health concerns on aircraft engines, appliances, and propellers. It aids in providing health and efficiency among agency employees.
THE FAA also promotes adherence to environment laws that has direct effect on airport development. It complies with existing laws that protect wildlife. It also assists other public agencies concerning airport development.
The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 and the International Aviation Facilities Act communicate safety and civil aviation in international affairs. It communicates information with foreign aviation officers. It conducts regular inspections on pilots, mechanics and bilateral airworthiness agreements. It is the representative for International Civil Aviation Organization.
Other functions of FAA are:
1. Oversees aviation insurance and aircraft loan
2. Regulates aircraft materials
3. Develop specification for aircraft charts
4. Publish information on airport services
5. Publish technical information in airport planning and design
Issues and lawsuits that FAA has dealt with are:
1. Modernizing air traffic control system controversy in 1980.
2. Drug testing for commercial airline personnel in 1980.
3. Inspector ratio controversy in 1988.
4. Aviation safety summit in 1995.
5. Extensive airline and airport security in 2001
6. Tougher access system in 2003.
Amidst airline lawsuits, FAA continues to innovate safety measures to protect both personnel and passenger from potential injuries. Current research and planning on aircraft development has lessened cases of airplane crashes. FAA is determined to enforce its penalties among private carriers that fail to meet safety standards.
Current aero medical research aims to reduce spread of communicable virus in major carriers and in international airports. It upholds that private airline companies adhere with existing standards in aviation.