Hand knotted rugs can be considered the luxury items among all the floor rugs that you can find today. This technique is the best technique when it comes to weaving, as it produces a strong and durable rug that can last for quite some time. Of course you will surely know that hand knotted rugs can cost you an arm and a leg. Why are these rugs sold at such unbelievable expensive prices? This is largely due to the way that the rug is woven. Hand knotting a rug takes patience and skill. So how are these rugs made?

Usually hand knotted rugs are woven using century old techniques that have been passed down from one generation of weavers to the next. First, let's take a look at the parts of a rug. A rug can consist of two parts; the first is the base and the second is the pile. The base is actually the warp or the threads that go along the length of the rug, and the weft or the threads that go along the width of the rug. The pile of the rug is all the yarns or threads that you can see on the rug itself.

When weaving a rug, first the weaver with prepare the loom. The warp threads are then all tied vertically on the loom. Then the weft threads are woven through the warp. This is done is by meticulously knotting the weft threads one by one through the warp. Once it is knotted to the warp it is secured in its place. It is these hand tied knots that will make up the design or pattern on the rug. What types of threads are used for the warp and the weft? Normally the warp threads are cotton, while the weft threads are made out of the finest wool. Sometimes silk threads are also used to make the designs more interesting. There are also rugs which are made entirely out of wool, and rugs made entirely out of silk. Silk hand knotted rugs are amongst the finest rugs that you can buy.

What types of knots are used? There are basically two types of knots used in hand woven rugs. The knot used would depend on the location where the rug is made, as different regions use different knots. The first type of knot is the Persian knot, and this knot is widely used in rugs from Iran, Nepal, Tibet, China, India and Afghanistan. The Persian knot is also sometimes referred to as the Senneth knot. This type of knot is most suitably used for curvilinear designs, such as for flowers and curved geometric shapes, meaning that it is a knot favored for complex patterns.

The second type of knot is the Turkish knot. This knot is widely used in rugs made in Turkey, Iran, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Sometimes the Turkish knot is called the Ghiordes knot or the double knot. The Turkish knot is favored for a richer plusher pile as it is a bulky knot.

In hand woven rugs there is also something called the Jufti knot, which is not really a different type of knot. Rather, the Jufti knot is the name given to a method of tying the knot itself. Normally, in producing a high quality rug, the weaver will either use the Persian or the Turkish knot to tie the weft threads around two warp threads. However when the weaver ties the Persian or the Turkish knot around four warp threads instead of two, it is called a Jufti knot. So you can see that the Jufti knot creates a less fine rug as it will take the weaver less time to complete the rug. And, though these rugs are sold at a cheaper price, they do not wear as well as the other finer hand knotted rugs.

Back to the weaving process, the weaver normally will use a small hooked knife known as the gollab to pull the weft threads through the warp. Once the weaver completes a row of weft, a comb or a beater is used to secure the row of weft and the knots together. This will give the rug a very tight weave and make it stronger. Then the whole process is repeated all over again until the whole rug is complete. The weaver will now use a scissors to hand cut and clip the threads evenly from all the knots. Finally the weaver will trim the top and bottom warp threads to form the fringe of the rug.

From this process you will see how painstaking it is to produce one hand knotted rug. An average weaver can tie up to 10,000 knots a day. Even with this large number of knots tied a day a weaver may spend many months working on one rug if the rug has complex patterns and a high knot density.

Knot density refers to the number of knots that are present in a square inch of the rug. This number of knots per square inch is the usual way to grade hand knotted rugs. The higher the number of knots, the more dense the rug, the more valuable it is and the more expensive it becomes. Hand knotted rugs can be anywhere between 400 to 2,000 knots per square inch. Truthfully, a rug with anything above 1,200 knots per square inch is considered rare and a true luxury item. This of course means that they are among the finest rugs produced and are the most expensive.

Using hand knotted rugs in the home is truly a luxury. If you would like to enjoy the beauty and magnificence of such a rug, then you should definitely think about getting one for your home. A hand knotted area rug can bring you years of comfort, beauty and opulence.