In terms of invention date, the wheel is considered as the oldest component used for transport. Tires came in later after the invention of the automobile to protect the wheels from wear and tear. Until now the main function of tires remains the same – to ensure that the wheels are kept away from damage due to contact with the road. Aside from that, tires also provide the driver more control in maneuvering the vehicle.

However, there are instances where tires do not function effectively, causing vehicle accidents. There are two main reasons why this happen:

Defective Tires

Tires are supposed to be made to withstand different weather and road conditions. However, some tire manufacturers produce defective tires, which can be very dangerous for vehicle owners and motorists. Some of the common types of car defects include:

  • Tread and belt separation – This is the most common tire failure of steel-belted radial tires because of difficulty in adhesion between steel and rubber. Many auto experts suggest that such tires should have "safety belts".

  • Tire explosions – This type of tire failure often happens because of faulty inflation. In some instances, low-quality tire material may also cause tire explosions.

  • Bead failure – The bead wire is considered the weakest part of the tire, and is prone to failures.

  • Sidewall explosion – This happens during inflation when the tire's sidewall cannot take inflated air anymore and bursts.

Road Hazards

If the tires are in perfect condition, road hazards may still cause improper functions. The following are the most dangerous types of road conditions that often result to vehicle collisions:

  • Icy roads – These roads are often found in cold areas and roads near bodies of water. There are some tires and wheels that are manufactured specifically for icy roads.

  • Unequal pavements – Improper road maintenance may also cause imbalance to the vehicle. In this kind of road condition, the driver should avoid over-speeding.

  • Road debris – Pebbles, sand, and small debris found in roads may affect the abrasion between the road and tires.

  • Insufficient road warnings – Government agencies concerned in road construction and maintenance should provide enough warning signs to inform motorists of possible risks of accidents.

If you also own a vehicle, make sure its wheels and tires are in good working condition before hitting the road. Once you have ensured this, your next step is to drive safely and be aware of possible road hazards. Consider and exercise these two things, and you would not be involved in any accident resulting from defective tires and road hazards.