first trimester

How to deal with the severe changes that a body experiences during the first three months of pregnancy.

Being pregnant is perhaps one of the most exciting things that can happen in a woman’s life. However, coping with pregnancy is also an arduous task as the body undergoes a host of physiological changes. These changes have a direct bearing on one’s professional and personal life. So one must be prepared to cope with these sudden changes.

We all know the duration of pregnancy is divided into three trimesters. The first 12 weeks form the first trimesters and it is during this period that a woman’s body undergoes extreme changes that are extremely discomforting to many. The severity of the changes and the levels of discomfort vary from women to women. But there are a few common symptoms that one must be prepared for to deal with them effectively.

Nausea And Morning Sickness

The continuous stretching of the uterine muscles and pressure on the digestive tract because of the fetal growth, triggers secretion of copious amount of digestive juices in the stomach. The body, unprepared for this sudden physiological change, reacts to it by regurgitation or vomiting. Consequently during the first trimester one may experience frequent bouts of vomiting. Also it is an established fact that woman’s sense of smell is heightened during this period which may also lead to greater irritability and probability of vomiting.

However, this vomiting do not persist for nine months but markedly reduces after three months. The only silver lining is that these frequent bouts of vomiting will have no adverse impact on the baby.

To cope with nausea and morning sickness it is advisable not to eat large meals at a time, but to break your diet into smaller quantities to be taken at frequent intervals. The entire purpose is not to shock and overfill your stomach. Also as per latest findings, a diet rich in complex carbohydrates, like starch and protein actually help in alleviating morning sickness. However foods with high fat content are a strict no no.


Swelling Of Breasts.

The female body undergoes a series of hormonal changes as it prepares for the arrival of the baby. It secretes higher quantities of progesterone and estrogen which in turn induces the breast to produce more milk so as to feed the baby when it is conceived.

There will be a prominent enlarging and darkening of the areolas and one may be able to spot some white bumps in this region.  There will be prominent blue lines criss crossing across your breast, which are nothing but blood vessels working overtime to supply blood to the breasts.

To cope with this change wearing a support bra of the right size is advisable.

Shortness Of Breath And Fatigue.

The wide array of physiological and emotional changes that pregnancy induces, causes extreme fatigue and may prove to be emotionally taxing for many women. One must understand that during pregnancy the body is never really at rest as even during sleep the fetus is drawing nutrients from the mother’s body. As a result frequently feeling tired during pregnancy is a very common symptom but it generally disappears as the body gets more attuned to the changes.

Consequently, it goes without saying that the body will require more rest during the first three months of pregnancy. One must try to get at least eight hours of sleep at night, which is a bare minimum for an expecting mother.

Proper diet also goes a long way in fighting off fatigue and tiredness. As you are literally feeding two people, so an inadequate diet shorn of proper nutrients like vitamins and minerals is bound to make you feel tired. Religiously follow the diet regimen that your doctor recommends. Exercising also is another option. A light jog or a walk regularly will rejuvenate your entire system and keep you from getting exhausted frequently.

Irritability and Mood Changes.

Because of the augmented levels of hormones in the body mood swings are very rare phenomena. This generally happens to women during premenstrual changes.


During pregnancy the heart is on the overdrive to provide extra blood to the legs and uterine region. Consequently one may feel lightheaded or dizzy because of inadequate supply of blood to the brain. Low blood sugar levels may also cause dizziness. The best remedy is to eat protein rich foods and frequent smaller meals.