The golden rule when it comes to preventing mould and mildew from taking over in your home is to try to keep things as clean and dry as possible. Take care when removing mould from your home as mould spores can become airborne and they are dangerous if inhaled.
If mould has taken over in the basement then close all of the windows and invest or rent a de-humidifier. Running a de-humidifier for a few hours each day will help reduce moisture in the air and prevent mould and mildew from taking root in your basement.
If you have a recurring issue with mould or mildew then be sure to check the drainage around the outside of the house, if it's blocked then fix it. Unless you find the root cause the mould will just keep coming back time and time again. Take time to check for cracks to the exterior walls. If there are any then seal them up. This will stop unwanted moisture from getting in your home.
An excellent and cheap tool to remove mould and mildew from your bathroom tile grouting is an old toothbrush. If this doesn't seem to be working then dilute some household bleach with water and apply it to the toothbrush.
For stubborn stains there are products that you can buy specifically for removing mould and mildew within the bathroom. However a cheaper alternative is to coat the stubborn areas with a bleach solution and leave it for several hours. Applying the bleach solution to toilet tissue paper and sticking it to the affected area is also an effective method for those difficult to clean patches of mould.
In order to prevent the build up of mildew in your bathroom, consider taking a little time to wipe down the walls and shower cubicle or curtain after each shower. This may seem like a chore but it will save you time in the long run. Buy a squeegee specifically for use in the bathroom. This will make cleaning down the shower after each use easy. Make sure all the family know to do this too.
If your shower curtain becomes affected by mould and mildew then mix a bleach solution in the bath and soak your shower curtain in it. A safe guideline for the bleach solution is one part bleach to four parts water. Rinse throughly and then put through your washing machine if possible.
If you have problems with mould or mildew in your closed style bookcase, you can prevent mould and mildew easily. Just put a piece of charcoal or silica gel in a closed bookcase to absorb moisture. When you buy new electrical products these days they are almost always shipped with a little packet of silica gel, save these and put them in your bookcase.
If your book pages are damp then sprinkle cornflour throughout the books and leave it for several hours. Once the moisture has been absorbed then brush the cornflour off. Whenever you are brushing mould and mildew off anything try to do it outside, as this will prevent mould spores from getting into the air within the house.
Unfortunately mould can be impossible to remove from some items of clothing. Depending on how recently it has affected your clothes you can try to wash it out. Items of clothing that are white in colour can be treated by simply soaking them in a bleach solution. Then make sure that you put the clothing through a washing machine on the highest temperature that the material will allow.
Some cupboards, depending on their design and contents are terrible for damp, mould and mildew. One way of reducing the risk of damp in cupboards is to increase air circulation. This can be done by simply leaving the cupboard door a-jar, or a more long term fix would be to replace the cupboard doors for a different design that allows better air circulation. Cupboards that have been taken over by mould and mildew can be cleaned using a bleach solution or bicarbonate of soda. After using bleach products make sure you rinse the area throughly before using it again.
To be honest if my mattress was affected by mould and mildew I would certainly consider replacing it for a new one. However I appreciate this is not always an option thus read on; if possible take an affected mattress outside to brush off the mould and mildew, this will make sure that any spores that come from the mattress will enter the atmosphere and not the air within your home. If this is not a practical option then consider using a vacuum on the mattress. Laying the mattress out side in the sun will help to dry out the mattress, unless you make sure that the mattress is completely dry then you are fighting a loosing battle.
Wipe interior walls of your refrigerator regularly with bicarbonate of soda to keep them nice and clean. If your refrigerator is badly affected by mould and mildew then it may be time to think about replacing it.
Mildew and mould spores if inhaled can be damaging to your health, so be sure to work outside when ever possible when cleaning items or wear a dust mask.