Your plane has just crash landed in the ocean, your ship has just sunk during a trip. Regardless of the scenario, you're stranded on a deserted island in the middle of the ocean by yourself with little or no supplies.
You could be stuck for hours, days, weeks, or even months. However long your stuck, you will have to act to survive and eventually get rescued.
This is how to survive on a deserted island, starting and maintaining a fire.
Starting A Fire
Starting and maintaining a decent size fire is one of the most essential steps in surviving and being rescued.
If you don't have a lighter or matches, starting a fire can be difficult. But if you follow the steps ahead you can make starting a fire a lot easier.
Step 1: Choose a good location for your fire. Search for dry ground, a mostly flat surface, and an area that is protected from wind.
Step 2: Dig a fairly large pit for your fire. 4 to 8 inches deep and 2 to 3 feet across is a good size. Surround the fire pit with rocks to keep the fire and coals contained.
Step 3: Collect the three types of firewood you will need to start and maintain your fire - Tinder, kindling and fuel. Tinder are small, dry items that will ignite easily. These include fallen leaves, feathers, dry moss or bark. Kindling are smaller sticks, no bigger than 6 inches. Fuel is your larger branches that will keep the fire going over longer periods of time. Make sure you collect more wood than you think you will need.
Credit: http://incompetech.com/gallimaufry/photos/other.htmlStep 4: You will need of baseboard, which is essentially a 2 foot long, flat piece of soft wood. You will need to carve a small groove in the center of the board about an inch wide. Use of rock or knife to get a safe and straight groove.
Step 5: You will now need a hardwood stick which resembles a small spear. It should be around a foot long, with a point on the one end.
Step 6: Put your board on a flat surface with the groove visible. Place your hardwood stick in the groove, point head first.
Step 7: Rub the hardwood stick with some pressure in the groove, slowly creating wood dust.
Step 8: Once you have a fair amount of wood dust, place your board on an angle, so the wood dust gathers at the bottom of the groove.
Step 9: Rub the stick with hard pressure in the groove as fast as you can. Once you see the wood dust smoldering, gently blow until a flame is produced. Then transfer that flame to your tinder in your fire pit.
Simply add green plants, branches, and grass to create an effective smoke signal.
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