Drywall offers homeowners a smooth surface on which to paint or hang wallpaper. If you are a little bored with smooth painted walls you may have considered adding a textured surface to the drywall. Texture adds depth and dimension to the room. The best feature of textured drywall walls is the texture hides imperfections including cracks, small holes, gaps between wallboard panels and stains on it. Many homeowners who love the work of plaster artisans find they can copy the look of plaster walls onto their drywall. Creating pattern can really add personalization and style to any room in the house. Patterned and textured walls are unique and individual. No two walls will ever be the same. Boring walls will come alive and serve as the focal point in the room.

Preparing for Wall Texture

Remove all of the furniture from the room. Take down curtains, drapes, curtain rods, pictures and wall hangings. Roll up area rugs and take them out of the room. In other words empty the room completely.

Lay tarps or drop cloths over the entire floor. If there are large pieces of furniture that you can’t move out of the remove, cover them completely with plastic or tarps and tape the edges tightly shut. If there is a fireplace in the room, cover the fireplace with plastic and tape the edges down securely to prevent making a mess of the fireplace.

Place a 6 inch wide strip of low tack masking tape on the ceiling where the wall and ceiling meet to protect the ceiling from wall texture.

Repair holes and cracks. If you have small holes or cracks, you can leave them as they will be covered by the texture.

Wrap 220-grit sandpaper around a sanding block and lightly sand the walls to slightly roughen them. Do not sand so hard as you strip the paper finish off the surface. You just want them to be slightly rough and take shiny paint finishes off the walls. Texture adherers better to roug
h walls than it does to smooth shiny walls.

Preparing the Texture

Dump a large bag of powdered drywall joint compound into a large bucket or trough and add water according the manufacturer’s instructions.

Insert a paddle mixer attachment into a power drill. Submerge the paddle mixer into the joint compound, also known as drywall mud or just mud. Mix the powder and water with the paddle until all of the water and powder are blended together.

Slowly pour more water into the joint compound while still mixing with the mixer paddle. Continue to add water until the drywall mud reaches the consistency of cake batter.

Rough Faux Plaster Texture

Pour the thin mud into a tray used for painting or a shallow basin. Put a lid on the rest of the thin joint compound because it dries out quickly and will be left unusable.

Twist a ½ inch nap paint roller onto a threaded mop handle.

 Roll the paint roller through the drywall mud and place the roller onto it. Blot the mud into corners with the roller. Roll the roller back and forth over it in any way you’d like until no more med comes off the roller. Roll the roller back through the mud and then onto the walls. Continue to roll on the texture until you cover all of the walls with mud. Let the drywall mud dry for 30 to 45 minutes and roll on a second coat. The second coat helps to even out low spots and roughen the surface even further.

Making Circles

 Mix powdered joint compound with water following the manufacturer’s directions. Mix the powder and water with a paddle mixer attached to a power drill.

Scoop up the drywall mud on a trowel or on a 12 inch drywall knife and spread an even layer about ¼ of an inch thick over a five to six foot section of it.

 Hold a paint graining comb up to it directly in the center of the section you just added mud to, at an angle and press it halfway into the wet mud. Start to create a circle as you are moving the paint graining comb around in a circle start to widen the circle and make it bigger and bigger until you fill the five to six foot section with a circle. You can also etch in several small circle or a few medium sized circles. It’s your wall, your choice.

Scoop up more drywall mud onto a trowel or drywall knife and spread it onto the wall touching the first section. The mud should be about ¼ inch thick and the section should be about five to six foot square. Pull the paint graining comb through the wet mud just as you did with the first section. Partly etch circles onto the first section so there is no seam between the two sections.

Keep spreading a thick layer of mud over the walls and etching in a circular pattern until you cover all of the walls in the room with textured circles.

Arc Texture

Spread a thick layer of mud over it with a notched trowel.

Hold the notches of the trowel about halfway into the wet mud and make any size you
like half circles. Continue to make half circles until the section of it is covered with half circles. Add more wet mud and  keep making circle until all of the walls have a random arc pattern.

Stipple on Texture

Pour powder drywall mud and water into a large bucket or trough and add water. Mix the mud with a paddle mixer. Add more water while constantly mixing until the mud becomes the consistency of a milkshake.

Spread a layer of mud about ¼ inch thick over it with a trowel or 12 inch drywall knife.

Dip a natural sea sponge into water and squeeze out some of the excess water.

Press the sponge into it and take the sponge away from the wall. Turn the sponge and blot it again. Keep blotting it making a random pattern over the whole wall. Instead of the sea sponge you can wad up a rag and press it into the wall, blotting and leaving a design.

You can play with these techniques or make up a few of your own.

You can dip a wide paintbrush into the thinned down mud and flick it at the wall.

You can dip a broom in water and broom in straight lines or a wavy pattern. There are no rules, it’s your walls, your house.