How the Elections Work

Have you ever wondered how elections work?

Any natural-born citizen of the U.S., over the age of 35, can run for President. But what is the process? Well in a nut shell..

  • The candidates announce they are running for president. At this time they also announce what party they represent. Usually these people are senators, congressmen, governors, etc. people with some type of experience running large entities, or lawyers. The more famous the better, more votes.

  • Money is raised. Usually the candidates that run have money already. However businesses, special interest groups, and average citizens also give money toward their preferred candidate.

  • Publicity is acquired. Money that was raised is used to pay for advertisements. Billboards, leaflets, lawn signs, and other types of promotion mixed with volunteers are used to spread the candidate's name as well as their party affiliation.

  • Interviews and debates are held to tell the public of the issues the candidate is concerned with. These debates show how the candidate reacts under pressure, and what the candidates morals are.

  • The primary or "caucus" is held. This is a sort of "pre-election" election. Once this is complete each party announces their choice for presidential candidate.

  • More debates are held (for the candidates that can afford to enter them), more money is raised, and more publicity is acquired for the candidates that were chosen by each party.

  • The national open elections are held. The votes for each state are tabulated, and two types of votes are acquired. The electoral, and the popular. Electoral votes are allotted to each state equal to the number of senators and representatives it has in congress. Washington DC is also allowed the same number of electors as the smallest state.

  • The electoral votes are the votes that will decide the president. Unfortunately the electoral votes, and the popular votes do not always match up, because of the following: Electoral votes are submitted by the Electoral Collage. The Electoral Collage is comprised of citizens chosen by each state to represent the wishes of the state population. Each state is allowed to choose its Electoral Collage however they wish. The Electoral Collage is also allowed to vote however they wish. Sometimes they listen to the voice of the people, sometimes they do not.

  • Finally the candidate that receives the most electoral votes is sworn into office the January after the elections.

And there you have it! America's presidential elections.