Things You Will Need
Chlorine bleach, Protective gloves, Protective respiratory mask, Eye protection, Protective clothing, Scrub brush, Cloth or paper towels
The first step in stopping and eliminating black mold is to find the source of the problem and fixing it. It may be a leaky pipe or even a roof or window leak, what ever the source of the moisture, the problem must be rectified or the mold will return.
Identify the type of mold you have. Black mold is greenish black in color and is looks and feels slimy when wet. However, not all black colored mold is toxic. The best way to determine if it is black mold is to have it tested at an accredited lab although there are do it yourself toxic black mold test kits available. Wet black mold is not an airborne health risk but once dried, there is a significant risk due to mold spores being released into the air. The spores can be inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin. Even if the mold is not black mold, all mold can be potentially unhealthy. Therefore, all mold should be removed from the home.
Determine the extent of the problem. Most areas will be small in size but anything over two square feet is considered a major infestation and professional help is recommended. If the area is not visible such as insulation behind walls or under carpeting, or if the mold growth is throughout the material, it will be necessary to completely remove and replace the items.
Use a mixture of one cup bleach to one gallon of water to disinfect the area. Let the bleach saturate the mold and leave it on for fifteen to twenty minutes. Clean the area and then thoroughly dry it.
Use a scrub brush to loosen the mold and cloth or paper towels to clean the affected area. Dispose of all materials that come into contact with the mold.
Dry mold should never be scraped or scratched since the mold spores would be released into the air. Protection such as respiratory masks, eye protection, gloves and other clothing to prevent contact with the skin is highly recommended.
Over the past few years, contamination of residential properties has become more prevalent but fortunately it can be eliminated from your home. It just takes special precautions to protect your health and the health of those around you while getting rid of it.
Tips & Warnings
There may be areas of water damage and mold that can be hidden such as under carpet, behind drywall, or in attic and basement areas.
Wear gloves, safety goggles, respirator mask, and protective clothing when removing the mold.
Never touch or go near suspected toxic black mold without protective gear. Take care when removing and disposing of materials that have been contaminated by toxic mold. Bleach and other chemicals used to clean mold and mildew can be poison and the vapors can be harmful to individuals with breathing problems.