A blackhead is a wide opening on the skin surface, usually covered with blackened mass of debris on the opening. Despite its name, blackheads can have a yellowish color. Blackheads, like whiteheads, are the first stage of non-inflammatory acne which can later develop into pimples which are also known as pustules or papules. Blackheads are common in the puberty stage due to the rise of hormonal levels, and are also common in adults. However, many people do not know how to get rid of blackheads.

High levels of hormones trigger the sebaceous glands to secrete too much oil which accumulates and blocks the pores. When this oil is exposed to air, it oxidizes, or blackens, hence causing blackheads.

Several factors such as make up and use of topical oil can worsen the blackheads. It is important to note that black heads can affect all types on skin. However, this condition is more common in those people with oily skin.



Credit: Flickr User Sean Campbell

How to get rid of blackheads

Blackheads can be very irritating as well as causing huge damages your skin. Therefore, affected person can get rid of this condition at home or visit a dermatologist. Here are some of the methods you should use to get rid of blackheads.

1. Squeeze them out: you should warm your skin before squeezing them out. This will make the pores expand making blackheads easier to squeeze out. It is advisable to take a warm shower before squeezing out the blackheads. In addition, you may use an extractor tool or pore strips like the ones made by Biore to force them out. However, you should be careful when using this method since it may be painful.

You can find high quality extractor tools at beauty stores, and the Biore Pore Strips at your neighborhood drug store or grocery store.  Love those things!

2. Use lime juice: prepare a lotion with equal parts of glycerin, lime juice and almond oil. Apply this lotion to your face on a regular basis. This can completely cure the black spots as well as discoloring the spots on your face by de-clogging the pores that show black spots on your face.

3. Use toothpaste: apply a small amount of toothpaste to a clean toothbrush. Gently scrub the affected area with a toothbrush for a short period of time. You should not apply toothpaste too close to the eyes since methanol from the toothpaste can cause irritation to the eyes. In addition, it is important to sterilize your toothbrush with hot water before doing this procedure.

If you have sensitive skin, it's better to just dab a bit of toothpaste on to any trouble spots so as not to irritate the area.

4. Steam and moisturize: ensuring that your skin is well moisturized is the perfect way to eradicate the blackheads. Soak a clean towel in warm to hot water and put it on your face for about 10 minutes. This will cause the blackheads to come to the surface. It is important to note that this method is very effective when you wash your face with natural face wash and warm water. After this, wash your skin with cold water then apply oil-free moisturizer.  Make sure that any moisturizer you choose is labeled as non-comodegenic.

5. Hormonal treatments: research shows that contraceptives are effective in treatment of acne and blackheads. Most of the people who have used this method have successfully eradicated the blackheads.

6. Good Skin Care Regimen with Supplements: Products like Acnezine which have a topical cream, as well as a pill supplement, can be effectively used to treat blackheads from the inside out. Moreover, good results have been reported in patients with blackheads.

7. Practice microdermabrasion and exfoliation: there are many things that you can use to exfoliate your skin. You can use sugar and lemon juice, baking soda and water, or sour cream and salt. Combine these ingredients until you get a thin paste. Clean your face before thoroughly applying these exfoliators in circular motion. In addition, you may also use milk and Nutmeg to get rid of blackheads hence achieving a smooth skin. The lactic acid present in milk can help to break down old skin cells.

There are also numerous high-quality sonic exfoliators on the market like the Clarisonic, which have shown to be highly effective at clearning pores effected by blackheads and whiteheads.

8. UV exposure: exposing your skin to ultra-violet light or sunlight encourages your skin's regenerative process, thus unblocking the pores. Sunbathing can significantly help to eradicate blackheads. However, if this is overdone the person will become more prone to skin burning which may lead to skin cancer.

Just know that you don't have to suffer with blackheads all the time- they can be eradicated!  That's the very good news.  You just need to find what works.

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