While learning how to make a wooden dining room table isn't going to be the easiest home improvement you are likely to undertake, it probably isn't as difficult as you might think either.
In fact you don't even have to start the process from scratch if you don't want to as we'll show you how to reuse items such as reclaimed wooden doors that you can repurpose and make into a table too. However if you want to create your own DIY table from scratch we will walk you through all the steps from choosing the wood to measuring up, cutting and making the final piece.
Choose your Wood
Choosing wood for your dining room table is a little down to personal preference, and a lot down to your budget. Good wood options for dining tables are:
However, if you can't find the wood you're really after, you can always choose a less expensive option, and add a suitable stain when you're done to create the illusion of a more expensive piece of wood. A list of other woods you might want to consider, along with their advantages and disadvantages, can be found in our article on how to build wood countertops.
For the purposes of this exercise, we are going to make a butcher block, style dining table, as it is an easier and less cumbersome process. You may also want to bear this in mind when shopping around for wood. You can of course cut your wood down to size when you get home, but if you can get the store or lumber yard to do it for you, all the better. If you can also get hold of quartersawn timber then do so, as it provides more stability.
Make the Table Top
A standard dining room table is around 6 feet by 4 feet, but make sure to measure the available space in your dining room and adjust these measurements accordingly.
When creating a butcher's block top, it is easier to work in small numbers than to try and glue together 20+ pieces in one go. With your butcher block strips already cut, work how many strips you need to make up the width of your table. In this example we will say our strips are 2 inches, so we will need 24 strips of wood measuring at least 6 feet. When it comes to cutting your strips to length, it is worth adding at least an extra 1/16 inch, to make sure of a neat finish with room to plane/sand everything to the same length at the end.
As we are working to a width of 4 feet, we will split each section down into 1 foot sections, so begin by gluing the edges of 6 strips of wood with wood/carpenters glue. Align up your strips, and use clamps to keep them into place. After 30 minutes, wipe off any excess glue.
Once dry, you can remove the clamps and repeat the process, until you have all 4 sections glued together. Now put all of these sections together, joining each section to the other, again with wood glue. Try to match up the lengths as best you can, before clamping the whole lot and waiting for the glue to dry.
You can now hand plane the edges of the table, to give a neat finish to the ends, and finishing off by planning and then sanding the table top.
Make the Table Legs & Frame
The standard height measurement to bear in mind when making a dining table is between 29-31 inches. If we make allowances for joining the legs to the table top, that then gives us about 27-30 inches of length needed for each table leg - making them a little longer is better, as they can be easily cut down to size later. How thick you make the legs, is obviously dependent on your chosen style, and how big the table is - the bigger the table, the more sturdy the legs will need to be. If the table is really quite big (over 6 feet in length), then you may need to think about adding 6 legs, rather than 4.
Buying appropriate lengths of 4x4 timber will make the process of making table legs easy. Once cut to length, they can be joined to the frame.
The frame of your table should be the dimensions of your table top, less 6 inches for each measurement - then take off the width of your table legs x2. If we are using 4x4 for the legs, then your frame pieces will be 14 inches less for each piece, than the table top measurements. A simple frame again, made with 4x4 is a simple enough job, making sure you leave the corners open to fit the legs into. Then you can adjoin the legs at each corner, and once you've established it's not going to wobble - you can add your beautiful table top over the frame, and legs that should support it superbly.
A Cheat's Guide to Building a Wooden Table
Or, be really ingenious (and eco friendly), by reusing a wooden door to make a dining room table, and use the door as your table top - either make legs and a simple frame (as above), or again, affix the door to an existing piece of furniture.
Finishing & Protecting
Whichever method you choose to use to make your table, you will need to make sure it is finished off and protected properly before it can be used.
Renting an orbital sander is a less-exhausting way of ensuring a smooth finish to your table, as well as offering superior results when compared with using sandpaper alone. Always make sure to sand with the grain, to get the smoothest finish possible.
When it comes to protecting your table, the choice is yours, whether you use wax, oil, or a varnish. If you oil a table, you will continue to need to 'feed' your table, a couple of times a year, varnishing won't need doing again for years unless you want to, and waxing is easy to spot-finish, when needed. Try your chosen material underneath the table, or inside a table leg to see how it comes out, as often the results can be darker than you think, even if you are using a clear varnish.
Once the finish is dry, you are free to enjoy many meals at the wooden dining room table you made yourself.