Endometriosis and infertitilyCredit: yinstill.com

Infertility is traumatizing and stigmatizing to say the least. It’s the worst fear that most women have. Endometriosis is a very common condition that affects a good number of women. So what exactly is endometriosis? Is endometriosis and infertility connected? This is the condition where the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus (endometrium) is found outside the uterus.

This tissue may grow on the outside of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder or even the intestines. The tissue can irritate the structures that it comes into contact with, leading to episodes of pain and adhesions (scar tissue) on these organs.

How to Tell if You Have Endometriosis

Women who suffer from endometriosis normally experience abdominal pains more so with their menstrual bleeding or when having sex. Others have no symptoms at all. Endometriosis can make it difficult for women to conceive. As a matter of fact, close to 30 to 40 percent of infertile women suffer from endometriosis.

In some instances, endometriosis may over grow inside the ovary forming a cyst (endometrioma). Unlike other endometriotic tissue, they can be seen on ultrasound. The only way to know whether you have endometriosis is top undergo through laparoscopy or surgical procedure. 

Does Endometriosis Cause Infertility?

It may be difficult to get pregnant if you’re suffering from endometriosis which means that endometriosis and infertility are related. Close to half of infertile women tested positive with endometriosis. However, it’s not clear whether endometriosis is solely associated with infertility. Most infertility experts agree that there’s an informal relationship between endometriosis and infertility as patients with scar tissue and distorted pelvic organs suffer from severe endometriosis.

Whether mild or minimal, endometriosis can lead to scarring of tissue which interferes with the ability of the ovary to release eggs. Scarring tissue can hinder the fallopian tube from picking up the ovules and transporting it.

Endometriosis causes inflammatory changes in the thin membrane lining the pelvis and abdominal cavity. This leads to overproduction of substances like proteases and cytokines which have a negative impact on the fallopian tube, embryo, egg and sperm function.  Endometriosis is known to cause hormonal imbalance which directly interfere with ovulation, a condition known as Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome.

Endometriosis has a negative impact on cell adhesion molecules and other substances that are very essential for the embryo to implant in the uterus.

In Vitro Fertilization research has shown that patients with endometriosis can have poor eggs and embryo quality. Embryos from women with this condition appear to develop slowly as compared to women with tubal disease. 

Like mentioned above, endometriosis can compromise functionality of the fallopian tube, further, even when the tubes are patent, their ability to transport eggs, sperms and embryos is highly compromised. 

How do You Overcome Endometriosis

overcoming endometriosisCredit: www.mc.vanderbilt.edu That endometriosis and infertility are connected doesn’t mean total condemnation to the patients. They are various infertility treatments that can be used to correct the situation. In order for endometriosis to develop and grow, female hormone estrogen is necessary. Research has shown that birth control pills together with other drugs can reduce or totally block estrogen and can be very effective in pain reduction. Women who wish to become pregnant may consider medical therapy before trying to conceive. However this treatment doesn’t guarantee that pregnancy rates will be improved.

If endometriosis is detected during surgery; the doctor may choose to destroy, remove the endometriosis or remove the scar tissue in totality. This treatment will restore normal anatomy in addition to making sure that the reproduction organs function normally.

The chances of getting pregnant are greatly improved after a surgical treatment, more so if the endometriosis is in the mild or severe range.

To help you overcome endometriosis and infertility, the doctor might recommend a combination of surgical and medical therapy. This is particularly beneficial for the women who are trying to get pregnant through in vitro fertilization. In a nutshell, each of the above treatment methods is administered to patients according to the severity of the condition or as per what the doctor may deem right.  

Hypothyroidism and Infertility… If you’re having trouble getting pregnant, your thyroid may bear the blame. Worse still, your doctor may not know it as most tests don’t pick up to 80% of cases in which low levels of thyroid are blame for infertility.

Did you know that thyroid glands are responsible for nearly every metabolism in your body? These glands convert iodine into thyroid hormones to contain low or high levels of thyroid functions. Therefore it comes as no surprise when an imbalance affects your ovaries.

Ovaries are hyper sensitive to changes in the thyroid levels and a minimal change in these levels may greatly affect the ovarian function. Research has shown that women with low levels of thyroid have a problem producing progesterone leading to PMS symptoms.

Low levels of thyroid are also responsible for yet another condition known as polycystic ovarian syndrome which affects close to 10% of the female population. Polycystic is a factor that is associated with infertility.

Many women suffering from infertility or any other women issues are often told that their thyroid is okay despite the low levels of ovarian thyroid. This is due to that fact that most tests miss it like mentioned above. However, many doctors say that if you use supplements and optimize the thyroid levels, you may be able to conceive naturally or through in vitro fertilization (IVF)

How to Fight Hypothyroidism

There are many ways to correct infertility if you have a thyroid disorder. Try acupuncture for fertility enhancement. Acupuncture is a practice that has been known to correct infertility to a great extent. In addition to acupuncture, other treatment regimens to follow include:

· Proper diagnoses since most standard tests are not sensitive enough to detect low levels of ovarian tissue.

· Seeking a doctor’s advice on various treatment avenues that may be beneficial to improving the thyroids functionality.

· Shedding off extra pounds or working towards increasing weight if you’re under weight.

· Limiting daily consumption of soy and other cruciferous vegetables.

· Avoiding any form of toxins to avoid hormonal imbalance.

· Get enough sleep.

· Reduce your stress levels as this may disrupt your body’s balance in addition to triggering racing heart, migraines, difficulty in breathing and stomach-aches. 

It’s possible to overcome endometriosis and infertility if you seek medical advice early enough and embarking the on the right treatment procedures as well as the correct hypothyroidism medication.