Obesity, especially morbid obesity is known to be connected to type 2 diabetes. It is a fact that over one third of the adult population of the U.S. is obese. Statistical figures on type 2 diabetes show a picture that could give reason for worry, as around 20 million people are affected by the disease.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
This form of diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by insulin deficiency or insulin resistance, where the insufficient insulin levels result in the impossibility of the body to convert blood sugar into energy. Obesity is believed to be the primary cause of type 2 diabetes. Studies and the experience of weight loss surgeons show that weight loss produces an impressive improvement of diabetes in around 80% of the patients.
Diet and Exercise the Key Factors in Overcoming Diabetes
Sustainable weight loss can only be achieved through a lifetime commitment to a healthy diet and regular exercise. The most important guidelines that need to be applied in everyday life are:
- A clear daily caloric intake plan. To lose weight, you need to eat less calories than you burn. A daily caloric intake diary can be of great help, because it makes it easy for you to clearly monitor the quantity and quality of food you eat,.
- More whole grains and vegetables, less saturated fats and carbohydrates. Body fat and blood sugar levels are closely connected, so by consuming foods that help build and strengthen muscle mass instead of facilitating fat accumulation you increase your chances to overcome diabetes.
- Regular physical exercise burns calories and strengthens muscles and joints. Simple activities like climbing the stairs and walking, made a daily habit, are changes that need to be adopted in any healthy lifestyle. If you find it difficult to exercise on your own, search for support groups where you can keep your motivation and goals alive.
Bariatric Surgery as a Means to Fight Diabetes
Weight loss surgeons perform a number of bariatric solutions that are efficient in dramatic and long-lasting weight loss, given that post-operative lifestyle change recommendations are strictly kept:
- lap band procedure (reversible, laparoscopic)
- gastric bypass surgery (may be reversible, laparoscopic)
- gastric sleeve or gastrectomy (non-reversible, laparoscopic)
- gastric plication (new procedure, may be reversible, laparoscopic)
It is shown that weight loss improves significantly and in some of the cases even eliminates obesity-related co-morbidities such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, etc. To ensure optimal weight loss, the surgical team helps each patient establish their own weight loss goal and choose the appropriate weight loss surgery. As long-lasting weight loss results are a condition of lifestyle habits, the team also gives nutritional, psychological and exercise support before and after surgery.
Surgery is always a serious matter with repercussions on all important aspects of your life. Undergoing bariatric surgery must be the result of an informed decision taken in full awareness of the necessity of post-operative lifestyle changes.