Mosquito on skinSummer is here and with it brings those pesky little critters that take great pleasure in turning a beautiful summer evening outdoors into slap and itch fest. Unfortunately they also bring several diseases including West Nile Virus, St. Louis Encephalitis, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, yellow fever, dengue fever and Malaria. The diseases that mosquitoes carry can cause serious illnesses and even death in people of any age, but children and people older than 50 are at the greatest risk for severe disease. Most people who become ill will have mild symptoms including headache, fever, dizziness and fatigue. This article provides tips for protecting yourself and your family from mosquito bites including the "Five D's" and ways eliminate mosquito breeding sites.

Things You Will Need

Clothing that covers the skin, Mosquito repellent, Mosquito netting

Step 1

Dusk to Dawn

"Dust" to "Dawn": Try to remain indoors when mosquitoes are the most active and seeking blood between dust and dawn.

Step 2

Mosquito biting

"Dress": Wear clothing that covers your skin so that mosquitoes have fewer places land and bite.

Step 3

OFF Clip-on

"DEET": Use a repellent containing up to 30 percent DEET. Other repellents include picardin and oil of lemon eucalyptus. Always read the label for approved usage to ensure the repellent is appropriate. Do no use DEET with children younger than 2 months old. Also do not apply repellent to a child's hands. Adults should apply repellent to their own hands and then transfer it the child's skin.

Step 4

Standing water

"Drainage": Check around your home and remove standing water. Mosquitoes lay there eggs in old tires, buckets, garbage cans, potted plants and other containers such as bird baths and even clogged gutters and flat roofs that do not drain properly. Basically anywhere water collects.

Mosquitoes can cause serious illnesses and even death in people of any age, but children and people older than 50 are at the greatest risk for severe disease. Most people who become ill will have mild symptoms including headache, fever, dizziness and fatigue. Follow the tips above and help protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites.

Tips & Warnings

There are a number of natural repellents such as lavender. Also citronella candles and a new product by Off that distributes repellent with a small fan for individual protection are useful in keeping mosquitoes away.

Infants should be kept indoors and mosquito netting should be used over carriers when they are outside during mosquitoes most active times.