The need to repot a plant can be recognized by several signs. The plant may look top-heavy it's time to repot. It's normal for a few small roots to grow through the drainage hole, but when several large roots crowd their way through, you know they need more growing space. When a plant wilts between normal watering times, that's a signal that it needs more soil. Undersized new growth is also a signal. New leaves should grow to the sames size as, or even larger than, the older leaves.
Things You Will NeedNew pot
Step 1Prepare the new pot by putting a layer of small stones or pea gravel over the bottom of the pot to allow for proper drainage. For small pots, a half-inch depth is sufficient, but one to three inches is best for pots that are over ten inches in diameter.
Step 2Remove the plant from the old pot by turning the plant upside down and tapping the rim of the pot firmly against a solid surface. Gently lift the root ball out by firmly pulling up on the trunk. Center the plant in the new pot and hold in place with one hand while you add the remaining soil. Firm the soil by lightly pressing downward with your fingers.
Step 3Water the soil slowly from the top, or set the pot in a saucer of water for an hour or so. Let the plant drain and then place it in indirect light for a few days while it adjusts to its new home. After that, move it into the amount of light that is required for it.
Repotted plants do well if they have not been moved to a pot that is too large. If the pot is too large, the plant will spend its energy putting out new roots instead of new growth.