The Department of Labor (DOL) is the federal agency responsible for enforcing laws in the workplace, and imposing penalties and punishments to those who would disobey them. The following are some of the common labor laws in the country:
- Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) â This law requires employers to provide enough wages to their employees. Provision of meal and rest breaks is also enforced by the FLSA.
- Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act â The OSH Act states that employees should have a safe and healthy working environment.
- Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) â This law regulates the retirement benefits that employers provide their employees.
- Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) â The FMLA provides employees with job-protected but unpaid sick and pregnancy leaves.
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) â This federal law prohibits discrimination in the workplace based on an employee's disability. The ADA also requires employers to provide "reasonable accommodations" for their disabled employee's benefit.
If you are an employee and your employer has violated one or more of these labor laws, you can file a complaint against him. There are several steps on how you should do this. First, you should inform your employer about the violation and its effects on you. If he apologized and fixed the situation, you have no more problems.
However, if he refused to take any appropriate action and instead committed even more violations against you or would even retaliate that is when you will need to contact the authorities. There are several employment agencies that can help you in your situation. Some of these agencies include:
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) â The EEOC is an agency that protects employees who have experienced any form of discrimination at work.
- Wage and Hour Division â This agency sues employers who do not follow the requirements set by the FLSA such as minimum and overtime pay.
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) â This agency is in charge of enforcing the safety of companies and workplace environments. It also protects employees from retaliation.
Other labor law violations such as harassment, discrimination, unpaid wages and wrongful termination are all subject to punishment. If an employer commits any of these actions, he would be obliged to pay compensation to the compromised party or individual. If you want to make your employer pay for what he did, just calm down and get an employment law attorney for your case.