Tooth decay occurs due to the build up of plaque on the surface of teeth.  This plaque combines with sugar consumed creating a favorable environment to grow bacteria. This bacterium produces an acid that attacks the enamel of the teeth. This causes tooth decay.

Tooth decay is the second most prevalent disease in theUnited States. Timely preventative measures can prevent this from happening in your mouth.

Causes of tooth decay

Tooth decay is commonly caused an unhealthy diet and poor hygiene. Sugary
items such as candy, chocolates, pastries, oily foods with added sugars, processed food, colorings, flavorings, and various other chemical sweetening preservatives all contribute to tooth decay. According to various research studies, children and adults who regularly consume sugar containing sticky items were more prone to developing progressive tooth decay than compared to those who did not.  

Tooth decay in children can be a direct result of decreased application of fluoridate. In most communities, this is introduced in the water supply. It has been identified that the addition of fluoride by 1 part per million to water (according to various prevention studies) can make a difference. 

Fluoride is added to water, tooth pastes or dentifrices, mouthwashes in order to prevent plaque formation as the fluoride combines with enamel of the tooth and forms a protective layer around the tooth.

If plaque gathers, tooth decay can follow.  Cavities develop as the decay progresses and if not treated, will ultimately destroy the tooth.

Tooth decay can express itself through Xerostomia, a chronic disorder that causes dryness of the mouth.  Saliva is important for lubricating and its cleansing effect on teach. Bacteria can easily invade the teeth with the absence of saliva.



Best advice to get rid of tooth decay

Tooth decay can be prevented by following a good oral hygiene and simple preventive measures. A little care can help you avoid tooth decay. Here are some great tips!

1.   Good Oral Hygiene

Good oral hygiene means brushing your teeth twice a day – morning and night. This helps prevent tooth decay and various other gum problems, and will help fight bad breathe!

Make sure you change your tooth brush every three months. Make sure you use the brushing technique as shown to you by your dentist. How you brush your teeth can make a difference.

Also make sure you use a tooth paste that contains fluoride.

2. Floss Regularly

Flossing with dental floss is also a part of good oral hygiene. It removes the little bits and pieces that get caught between your teeth and that the brush can not get rid of.

Regular flossing ensures that you have removed any food debris from not only the outside of your teeth (that brushing gets) but in between your teeth (where the brush can not get to).

3. Avoid Sugary Drinks

Tooth decay can be prevented by following a proper nutritive diet. Many people who get tooth decay are often known to consume junk sweets and sugary beverages which encourage the acid formation in your mouth that encourages the growth of tooth decaying bacteria.  Good nutrition that is rich in fiber helps clean the teeth. But if you are going to have that sugary drink – brush your teeth immediately after!

4. Undergo Regular Dental Check-ups

Many cavities cannot be detected without the help of a trained dental technician. Regular dental check-ups ensure that the conditions of your teeth are being monitored. Some teeth challenges can only be identified through a dental x-ray.


Routine dental check-up and oral prophylactic procedures maintain the health of your teeth. Regular check-ups means you do not have to worry about your teeth and whether you have tooth decay.

5. Use Mouthwash

Mouthwash is an effective tool that helps in killing bacteria that favor tooth decay. You can make use of an anti-bacterial mouth rinse after brushing or eating to help prevent cavity formation. There are several antibacterial mouth rinses on the market that are clinically tested and proven to be effective against cavities including bad mouth odor.

6. Obtain a Sugarless Chewing Gum

Chewing gum helps prevent tooth decay by increasing the amount of saliva which lubricates the mouth and flushes food debris present in the mouth thereby indirectly contributing for the prevention of tooth decay.

Certain chewing gums that are rich in xylitol and sorbitol are clinically proven to be effective against aiding in the prevention of tooth decay.