The signs of prediabetes, and diabetic and what it means to you to be pre-diabetic, or have sugar diabetes. When you are told you are pre diabetic, it is the first sign that you will probably become a typed 2 diabetic at some point in your life. It is also an awakening to change your lifestyle, and diet, and start living healthier and get some exercise.
Diabetes blood sugar
You have just been told by your doctor that you are prediabetic, you're wondering what it means to you. Actually it means your diabetes blood sugar is higher than normal, but you're not severe enough to be classified as type 2 diabetic. It also means you are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and could have heart disease and stroke.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention it is estimated that 41 million people 40-74 have a prediabetic condition. The Academy of Pediatrics reports one in 10 males, and twenty-five females between twelve-nineteen have prediabetes.
With prevention pre-diabetes doesn't have to turn into type 2 diabetes. There are often no signs, but watch for the red flags often associated with type 2 diabetes. The main clue is excessive thirst and urination.
Warning signs of diabetes
â€¢ Constant hunger
â€¢ Excess Thirst
â€¢ Unexplained weight loss
â€¢ Weight gain
â€¢ Flu-like symptoms, including weakness and fatigue
â€¢ Blurred vision
â€¢ Slow healing of cuts or bruises
â€¢ Tingling or loss of feeling in hands or feet is sign of diabetic neuropathy
â€¢ Recurring gum problems or skin infections
â€¢ Recurring vaginal infection or bladder infections
Test for determining pre-diabetes
There will be 3 tests the doctor will do initially to clarify that you are prediabetic . These tests will determine if you have a normal metabolism , or have either pre diabetes or diabetes.
1. A1C test
2. Fasting, plasma glucose test (FPG) or
3. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
These tests measure your glucose levels to determine if your blood glucose levels are abnormal or not. Abnormal glucose levels following the FPG test mean you have an impaired fasting glucose (IFG); glucose levels high after the glucose tolerance test mean you have an impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Abnormal results for both tests would mean you have pre-diabetes.First, you have to understand about sugar (glucose) and how it is processed. Sugar is your main source for energy. It comes from 2 sources: Foods we eat and you're liver. During digestion glucose is absorbed in the bloodstream, entering cells to help with insulin. Insulin goes through your pancreas, when you eat. It allows glucose to enter your cells; thereby insulin lowers your sugar intake to your bloodstream to keep it within normal ranges.
Your insulin blood levels will get low it means you haven't eaten in a while; stored glucose will be released into your bloodstream keeping your insulin in normal range.
Risk factors for diabetes
The same risk factors are in effect for prediabetes that occur in type 2 diabetes. The following are risk factors are:
â€¢ Family History
â€¢ Gestational Diabetes
A blood insulin test taken at the doctor's office or lab is usually how people find out they have diabetes. American Diabetes Association recommends screening at age 45 for diabetes.
Diabetes is treatable
The best way to prevent diabetes is eat healthy foods and to find the best weight loss program for you, and join a walking exercise program. Sometimes medication is given to treat prediabetes such as metformin (Glucophage) and rosiglitazone (Avandia) may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, but its best to have a healthy lifestyle.