The practice of maintaining one's health through a set of grooming and cleaning methods is often called hygiene. In medicine, the term is often used to describe a set of practices put into place for the safety and health of the public - and not the currently associated grooming aspect of hygiene.

Origins
"Hygiene" has been historically associated with a Greek goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation.

Cleanliness
Short-cut nails that are well-maintained are often important in the medicinal environment - as well as wearing the proper attire to work. In a lab, workers are expected to wear gear and uniforms that protect them, and support the overall hygiene in the company.

Health
Washing hands thoroughly after preparing food, putting away dirty clothing into a hamper, and airing out a dusty room may all be considered good hygiene practices.

Hygiene Practices in Other Countries
What is commonly known to be a hygienic practice in the United States, may be uncommon in another country where standards for hygiene differ. All these practices are determined by the environment, government requirements of businesses and its people, as well as by the histories of the individual country.

In Medicine Hygiene is Vital to Providing Safety
In hospitals and clinics, the need to maintain extremely high standards of cleanliness and hygiene are set in place for the well-being of the public. Whenever a patient arrives, they already may be carrying contaminants and keeping the hospital environment sterile with specific hygiene practices serves to remove some of the health dangers, while the doctors and nurses can help the patient to health.

Some of the methods used to improve hygiene in a medicine environment:

  • The sterilization of equipment
  • Protective clothing such as gowns, caps, and gloves
  • Proper disposal of waste in the hospital
  • Wherever hospital staff makes contact with patients - hand-washing and scrubbing make for a healthy environment
Conclusion
Hygiene is often associated with grooming and cleanliness, though it more accurately represents the practice of maintaining bodily health. In medicine, rigorous practices of hygiene make it possible to prevent and treat diseases in an effective way...

While in some countries hygiene practices vary, they are generally put in place for the safety and health of the individual and the public.