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Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia: Opposite Sides of the Same Coin

By Edited Jun 21, 2016 0 0

What is Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are conditions that center on blood sugar (glucose). These conditions are the result of the body not being able to regulate glucose levels properly. Medication may be required if it is not possible to control them with diet. They are both dangerous conditions that could evolve into diabetes if not treated correctly and promptly.

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Hyperglycemia Symptoms

This is a high blood glucose (sugar) condition caused by too much food or too little insulin. If it is not treated, it is the first sign of diabetes. High blood sugar symptoms are excbess urine, thirst, constantly tired or weak, and excessive hunger. Going into a coma is possible if hyperglycemia symptoms are not treated in time. It’s possible for hyperglycemia to induce a stroke in a patient. Blood tests are the most accurate method to determine blood glucose level.

Hypoglycemia Symptoms

This is a low blood sugar condition caused by too little food, too much insulin or too much exercise. Bread, rice, fruit, sweets, and potatoes are among the foods that produce sugar or glucose. When glucose is low, there is a possibility it will result in brain damage. There is a long list of hypoglycemia symptoms. Tremors, headache, sweating, anxiety, hunger, cloudy vision, dizziness, confusion and passing out are all symptoms. A blood test for the glucose level is the most accurate way to determine blood glucose level. If blood sugar is low, the patient should eat something to increase the blood sugar level. If the glucose is low enough an insulin injection may be required. When blood sugar is low, there is a possibility it will result in brain damage. It can also cause comas and other problems.

Hypoglycemia Causes

The bodies of people with hypoglycemia aren’t able to regulate the glucose level in the body by allowing the liver to release or store glucose effectively. Hypoglycemia occurs when the body uses up glucose (sugar) too quickly. Too much insulin is released into the blood stream to respond to a sugar increase. Insulin reduces glucose and is made in the pancreas, and it responds to increased sugar levels in the blood.

Physicians recommend treatment, recommend following a strict diet and monitor blood samples for glucose levels. Both conditions are extremely serious, and require treatment and consultation with a physician. If the symptoms remain after measures to relieve the situation, don’t work, it’s recommended to go to the emergency room.

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