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Hypermetropia Explained

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 0 0


Otherwise Knowns as Farsightedness

Hypermetropia is also called Hyperopia. You probably know this term better when it is called farsightedness. Hypermetropia is very common in individuals.

Hypermetropia in Children

Although it seems that hypermetropia only affects people as they get older, there are many children each year that are diagnosed with hypermetropia. A lot of times the farsightedness goes undetected. As child may be struggling in school and not learning near as fast as the other students. This could be because the child is not able to see anything close clearly. A teacher should be able to spot a student that potentially has this problem; however many students can go undiagnosed for many years as they continue to struggle in school. My daughter was diagnosed with hypermetropia at age seven as a result of failing a school eye exam and its a condition we monitor every year with an opthamologist check up plus usually a new pair of glasses.  As she gets older, her farsightedness is worsening.The best way to overcome eye problems is to take your children to an ophthalmologist on a regular basis. At least annual visits or bi-annual visits are recommended as hypermetropia and other eye conditions can develop at any time.

Hypermetropia in Children

Even after a child is diagnosed and begins to wear corrective lenses it may take many months for a child to begin distinguishing small shapes and patterns. There brain never was able to decipher the shapes before and now that they can see small shapes and patterns up close it will take a while to train the brain to see these shapes.

Hypermetropia Causes

Some people are born with Hypermetropia and some people will develop 

Eye Testing Board
this eye condition from an injury such as being hit in the eye with a baseball. Farsightedness is usually caused by the lens of the eye not being perfectly circular. It can also be caused by other abnormalities such as an eyeball that did not grow proportionate to the eye.

Hypermetropia can also be caused by a severe sinus infection or simply part of the DNA that is passed on from the sufferer's parents. In my daughter's case, she inherited her farsightedness from me.

Hypermetropia Treatment

The most common treatment for people with this eye condition is to visit an eye doctor and then begin wearing prescription glasses. Some people only need to wear glasses when they read; however if you also have trouble seeing things far away then you may be prescribed bifocals to wear.

Hypermetropia is different from presbyopia. Presbyopia is the condition that weakens the eye as a person ages. When an elderly person begins having trouble seeing things up close it is usually caused by presbyopia and not hypermetropia. Although it is normally presbyopia that affects people as they age, hypermetropia can also come on gradually as people age.

Glasses for Hypermetropia
Contacts can also be prescribed in place of wearing eyeglasses. Various medical procedures such as LASIK are available where the lens of the eye is surgically corrected with a laser or small incision to rectify the shape back into a more natural circular shape. If a person has only very mild hypermetropia then often times no corrections are done.

There are 3 main classifications or types of hypermetropia that people can develop. These are Simple hypermetropia, pathological hypermetropia, functional hypermetropia. Regardless of your age it is vital that you visit an eye doctor on a regular basis so that you can have a record of your vision and be able to track if your eyesight begins to weaken.

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