Whether you're a hobbyist or a seasoned veteran, indoor gardening is a great way to grow flowers, fruit or vegetable regardless of the season. And, if the cost of traditional indoor lighting is starting to get a bit high, you could consider a newer type of grow light-light emitting diodes, or LED.
LED grow lights are a relatively new technology to indoor growing and hydroponics. Traditionally high-intensity discharge (HID), high pressure sodium (HPS), incandescent and even fluorescent lights were the defacto choice for indoor gardening. With the introduction of LED as grow lights, indoor growing is in the midst of change as more and more gardeners are making the switch.
Although when LED grow lights initially hit the market there was much scepticism about whether they were better than traditional grow lights. And rightly so as the first generation of LED grow lights were poorly manufactured and did not produce the results that would make them worth the switch. However, with new second generation lamps now in the market the option of switching to LED is must more enticing. A high quality LED lamp is now tri-band meaning that they produce blue, red and orange ranges in color temperature. It is found that plants not only need blue and red but also other parts of light wavelengths as well. And with a high quality lamp you can expect to find the right blend of these colors to produce large yields regardless of plant type. At current there is no doubt that a good LED lamp can easily match the results produced by any other traditional grow light on the market.
A major benefit of an LED grow light is they consume less power when compared to other indoor grow lighting sources. A 45 watt LED light can easily replace a 400 watt HID grow light. And LEDs last much longer meaning you can enjoy unswerving performance for up to 50,000 hours. Because LED bulbs produce very little heat you don't need to install any cooling systems in your garden. What this means is that you are not only saving money on your hydro bill, but also by not having to purchase the extras like air conditioners, ducts or blowers.
For a small garden or even a single plant, the best choice would be a UFO LED grow light. These are preferred by many gardeners nowadays and work great is small spaces. With the directional lighting they emit you do not need any reflectors either. Expect plants to grow faster, healthier and larger all the while reducing energy costs.
If you have a larger garden or even plants that much more busy, you might want to consider a larger panel style lamp. 120w LED grow lights can be a great alternative to 600w HPS light and although the lamp itself might seem costly at first, in the long run you will save a lot of money. Perfect for hydroponics or even aquaponics farms, LED panels come in a variety of sizes and ranges of power. If you run a greenhouse you can get higher powered panels ranging up to 600 watts, producing massive amounts of light for your crops.
Due to their increasing popularity, there are a lot of cheap imported units available that simply will lead to disappointment. Always do your research and get the best quality lamp or panel you deem necessary. A high quality LED grow light will last anywhere from 7-10 years with trouble-free performance so consider it an investment. Regardless of your garden size, consider using LED grow lights and expect wonderful blooms and great yields of fruits and vegetables.