Commercial printing companies are everywhere these days and many are catering to small print shops around the nation. If you are running one of these small print shops, it is essential to know the correct binding terminology and methods to effectively sell them to your customers.

Here outlined in this article is the information on binding methods you should know when selling different products to your customers and how to navigate through the vocabulary and methods you should use.

What is binding?

Binding is the method through which printed pages are joined together, most often in book binding but also used for joining booklets and brochures together. Common methods include gluing, stitching and sewing.

What are the techniques of binding?

Binding techniques can generally be grouped into a few different categories. Different products require different methods for binding. For example, booklet printing may utilize saddle stitching while brochure printing may utilize side stitching.

Saddle Stitching is the most common type of binding; it includes stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine. There is also Side stitching which consists of stapling together on the side rather than the fold. Spiral binding entails binding using a spiral of continuous wire or plastic looped through punched holes. Lastly, Perfect binding is when the spine of the book is cut and roughened and adhesive is applied to the edges and a cover is glued firmly in place.

What are the different binding terminologies?

When outsourcing binding work to a larger printing company it is important to know all the terminologies. Additionally, book binders speak a different language than printers and designers so you should pay extra attention to who you are dealing with.

The top of a book is referred to as the “Head” while the bottom is referred to as the “Tail”. The front of the book is called the “Face” while the bound edge of the book is called the “Spine”. A single sheet of paper in a book is called a “leaf” or “sheet”, one “leaf” equals two “pages”

What are the different types of folding?

Whether binding a print booklet or newsletter printing it is important to know what the different types of folding are. Paper can be folded in many ways. Figuring out folding is very important since folds that are not measured correctly are most often the reason for man y reprints. Depending on the weight and caliper of the paper stock you can expect a tolerance of 1⁄32“inch per fold.

Common types of folding include Single fold, a straight forward fold down the middle, poster fold, which is folded in the middle vertically and horizontally, letter fold, which is folded in thirds vertically, roll fold, which is folded in sixths vertically, z-fold, which is folded in a z pattern vertically and accordion fold, which is folded vertically in an accordion pattern. A few less common types of folds include parallel fold, half-z fold and gate fold.

Armed with this new array of knowledge you should be able to successfully navigate your way around all binding related work from booklets and catalog printing to brochures and flyers.