Defining Style, Creativity and Function
Interior design dates back to the ancient times. Residential structures have always inspired some sort of interior design even during the ancient times. Compared to architecture, the changes in interior design were far apart and major changes occurred almost simultaneously. Egyptians and Romans were known to be ostentatious when it came to interior decoration, especially those who belonged to the wealthier class. Pharaohs were buried in tombs that were extravagantly decorated. This practice was meant to give ancient Egyptian leaders a lavish resting place and a comfortable journey to the afterlife.
The Romans were very elaborate in implementing their interior design. They planned it according to the use of a specific room and the decoration centered on that purpose. Romans belonging to the wealthy class would have different living rooms for the cold and warm season. It was designed this way so that dwellers were provided with comfort during the summer and winter season. Most wealthy homeowners in the ancient times were involved in planning and implementing the interior design of their homes.
The Italian Renaissance gave birth to a new style in interior design. It was an era of great art, architecture, and interior design. Renaissance artists made art very popular and the wealthy classes were regular patrons of these artists. They often spent huge amount of money to get a specific work done. It was during this time that interior decoration and design was starting to get shaped into what it is today. Residences and buildings were decorated with function and style as top priorities. Lavish interior was the focal point of the Renaissance period. The palace of Versailles is one of its best examples and it eloquently translates self-indulgence. Evidently, during this period, interior design was only accessible by royalty and wealthy citizens.
The Industrial Revolution made interior design accessible to the average person. Cheaper materials were used to transform a plain looking space into a functional and stylish area. Through the Industrial Revolution, middle-class families were able to relegate some of their income to interior decoration and home beautification. Publications of interior design magazines also started to take place. Many people started to take interest in interior design and interior design schools started teaching those who wanted to have a career in this field. In essence, the evolution of interior design was influenced by the artistic, economic, and modern transformations that happened over the years.
Types of Interior Design
Interior design depends largely upon the taste of the owner of the residence or the person that would be occupying the working space. The different types of interior design can accommodate any taste and influence that a person might want to project. An interior decoration reflects the personality of the owner of the space decorated. Generally, there are three broad types of interior design.
Contemporary Style - contemporary or modern design is defined by a minimalist approach. The space is accentuated by light and bright colors. The finishes are smooth with an industrial touch to portray a hard and modern appeal. The furniture used is also that with a minimalist style to project a clean and crisp outline. This kind of design is ideal for cramp spaces because the furniture and decorations are simpler and lighter. The incorporation of bright colors will expand the small space, giving the illusion of a wider area.
Eclectic Style - an eclectic design is a convergence of many other styles in interior decorating. Many modern homes and establishments are using this kind of design. The interior decorator must have the proper skill and knowledge to pull this look off perfectly. Even with the mixture of different styles, the space still looks cohesive and can follow a single theme.
Famous Interior Designers
Interior designers are responsible for providing beautiful effects in many homes and commercial spaces. A great interior design can add more appeal, expand clientele, and make homes a more beautiful place to go home to. Here are some of the most famous names in the field of interior design.
Jean-Henri Jansen - he was a Dutch designer that revolutionized interior designing in the 1800s. He founded the interior design company "Maison Jansen". Its reputation grew because of its exquisite and unique way of decorating. Jansen's company offered opportunities for skilled designers to practice and excel in their field.
Elsie de Wolfe - she went through mental trauma because of her unconventional appearance. She battled her inferiority complex by conquering the world of interior design. Her beauty was translated into her magnificent works. She utilized bright and light colors and made sure that disheartening colors didn't have a space in her designs. Her creativity gained international recognition and her reputation as an excellent interior designer spread across the globe.
Ogden Codman - born in America, he was known to be a great architect, decorator, and designer. He was a descendant of designers John Hubbard and Richard Ogden.
Frances Ilkins - she was an American designer and considered to be one of the best in her field. Her artistic skills were beautifully translated into her interior designs. Her style was a combination of French, Art Deco, and Chinoiserie design.
Frank Lloyd Wright - he focused on organic architecture and revolutionized fallingwater and Robie House. One of his creations, the Rosenblum House, depicted a Usonian concept. He endeavored to create unique ideas and incorporated them in his works.
Antonio Gaudi - he was a prominent designer of the Art Nouveau who showcased his work through flowing curves and unique decorative details.
World-renowned Interior Designs
One of the famous works of Antonio Gaudi, it shows an intricate façade, a dramatic roof line, bone-like structure and an amazing interior décor.
Although unfinished, it showed Gaudi's wide range of style on a grand scale.
Maison de Verre