Islamic marriage laws are purely based upon Shariah. These are ordained by Allah and His Messenger (PBUH). What makes Islamic marriage laws different from other religions? These are derived from teachings of Quran and Sunnah. Customs in other major cultures are mostly man-made, but these are devised by Allah.
Requisites for marriage
For a Muslim man or a woman, the criteria for getting married is that he or she should be adult, mature and sensible to understand social and biological relationships.
Kufu (Equality)
It is perhaps the most debated issue of modern times. Man and woman should have equal social status and financial position. They must be practicing Muslims. They should both be free, not captivated. They should also be pious and immaculate. However, age difference is not an issue.
Permission from guardian (Wali)
This is also one of the most important requirements. According to some scholars, Nikah or marriage cannot take place without the consent of guardian. Unless father, grandfather or a care-taker allows a woman to get into wedlock with a man, she cannot get married. This condition is especially required for women.
Four witnesses
At the time of Nikah, two witnesses from man’s side and two from woman’s side are required. Alternately, witness from one male and two females can also be taken. Witnesses must be honest, sensible and adult. A child, non-Muslim or a lunatic cannot be considered.
Verbal approval
At the time of Nikah, verbal acceptance is important from both man and woman. They should repeat specific words three times in front of witnesses in the same session.
Financial responsibility
According to Islamic marriage laws, the responsibility for wife is totally upon her husband. Man should be capable of taking care of his wife’s daily needs. It includes clothing, food, dwelling and travel expenses. He should also bear all health expenses as well. But, woman can also earn if she follows Shariah restrictions.
Wife’s role
Woman should take charge for household affairs. She is bound to obey her husband in every possible manner. All major decisions are to be taken by her husband’s permission and consultation. She cannot offer Nafil (voluntary) worship unless husband allows her.
Important facts
Islamic marriage laws have dual nature. At one side these are quite strict. On the other hand, there is considerable flexibility as well. A man or a woman cannot be forced to get into relationship unless they are happily willing. They are given free choice but with certain Shariah limitations. Similarly, parents or guardians are not allowed to behave in violent manner to force their son or daughter for marriage. Moreover, getting married with the intention of divorce is totally forbidden in Islam.