June Lawn Jobs
In June you will probably not need to water your grass, but you will need to cut it at least once a week, probably twice.
The main job in June is to keep the lawn tidy, including the edges. Avoid cutting the grass shorter than two inches, because if you do end up with a drought long grass survives better, especially if you have children playing on it.
If You have a wet spell then you can apply any lawn fertilizer that you did not get around to in April or May. If it's very dry then leave this jib until the fall.
Hedges in June
You will need to trim all your hedges in June. Encourage your hedge to grow higher by just trimming off any straggly bits, trim it back nearly to where the new growth started. This is the best way to get a good, solid hedge, rather than a loosely growing one.
If you do not want your hedge to grow any higher then cut it back hard, to where you cut it back to last year. If you are using hand shears you will not be able to cut it back any further than this. If you want to reduce the height you will need either secateurs, a petrol driven hedge trimmer, a petrol powered chain saw or a friendly farmer and his tractor.
Rake up any hedge trimmings and put them in a corner to dry out, later you can put them through an electric wood chip machine and turn them into mulch for your vegetable garden.
Roses in June
June is the month to admire your roses. Trim off any dead heads or rotten buds, if you have a wet month.
Spray with liquid copper because you will probably have the early signs of the fungal disease, black spot. The liquid copper will prevent the black spot spores from infecting any new leaves or growth. Black spot is a dreadful disease of roses, it stops the flowering and the leaves turn black, sticky and then fall off.
If you have aphids such as greenfly on your roses leave them unless it is a major infestation. Greenfly and other aphids are the prey species for blue tits, hoverflies and lady bugs. Do what you can to encourage aphid predators by increasing the number of open, flat flowers such as poached egg plants, or buttercups in your garden. Hoverflies can feed on the nectar of these flat flowers and will have more breeding success. More hoverflies, means fewer greenfly.
Cut off rapidly growing stems coming from the base of the plant. These stems are throw-backs to the wild rose and often have seven leaflets on each side stem. The stems or leaves may be a different color from the rest of the plant. They sap the energy of the plant while producing no flowers.
Soft fruit in June
June is the month that first your redcurrants, then your blackcurrant swill ripen. If you plan to have some for yourself you need to prevent garden birds from getting to them. Cover both red and black currants with netting. Make sure it is weighed or pegged down, or the birds will walk in underneath it, then hop up the plants devouring all your fruit. No blackcurrants means no summer pudding later in the year.
Freeze your blackcurrants and redcurrants as you freeze them, even if it is just 12 today, 11 tomorrow and so on. You can make summer pudding with them in august or September.
Prevent slugs eating your strawberries by putting sharp sand around each plant. Slugs find it uncomfortable to move on sharp sand and will stay away u from your plants. Cover your strawberries as they ripen to keep birds off.
June Vegetable Jobs
Separate out the leek seedlings that you planted in April. Make holes in the soil; I use the sharpened handle of a broken garden fork, and drop one leek seedling into each hole. Fill the hole with water and 99% will survive with no more care at all.
Start to dig up new potatoes this month, just dig up enough for one meal at a time, put the potato tops on the compost heap. It is best to use a garden fork and try to lift the whole plant, that way you leave fewer potato tubers in the ground.
Water and feed your tomatoes, making sure that you stake any varieties that need it. Avoid working with your tomato plants while they are wet, you can inadvertently spread fungal infections from plant to plant.
Plant out your broccoli and Brussels sprout seedlings, either into firm ground or into well-settled compost or soil in containers. A few plants in containers are a good idea on a wet December day, when you do not want to get soaked picking vegetables
Stand a few small branches amongst your peas to help support them. Even so-called self-supporting varieties can benefit from twigs to help them.
Keep runner beans well watered and fertilized. Make sure your canes are firmly in the ground and well tied together.
Shrubs – June Jobs
If you grow any shrubs at all it makes sense to take cuttings from them at every opportunity. Take green, semi-hardwood and hardwood cuttings of every shrub in your garden. Just stick them into a few buckets of used compost and see what happens. By the fall you might have twenty young shrubs, or you might only have three, nothing ventured, nothing gained.
Climbers – June Jobs
This is the month your clematis will need most care, keep watering with a diluted soluble feed and try to keep the bottom of each plant shaded.
Climbing roses usually have a flush of flowers in June then they do next to nothing for a month. Cut off any dead heads you can reach easily, do not worry about the rest, these plants are so vigorous you would need an axe to slow down their growth. Tie in long branches when you can, or thread them behind other stems.
Annuals – June Jobs
Your annual bedding plants will be very small as yet, just hoe between them to prevent weeds taking the nutrients. At all costs prevent weeds going to seed, if you see any weeds in flower just snap the flower off if you have not got the time to pull it out by the roots.
Biennials – June Jobs
Plant your parsley. Throw some of last year's honesty seeds onto the ground where they are flowering this year, because otherwise you will not have any honesty flowers next spring,
Perennials – June Jobs
Tidy up any primroses that are still going, but leave them in the ground, the annuals can grow around them.