Overview of the Knee Joint Pain
The knee is located at the junction of the thigh and leg. It serves many functions such as bending, sitting, standing, running, jumping, and many other movements. The structures that compose the knee joint enable it to act as a weight-bearing joint. Since the knee is always used, it is no great surprise that it is exposed to risks of injury.
Causes of Pain in the Knee Joint
The risk of developing Knee joint pain can be increased or decreased based on the lifestyle of an individual. For people who are too active or less active, knee joint may ensue. The risk factors can include age, gender, extreme physical activities, and nutrition. There are a number of causative factors identified that can lead to knee joint pain which include the following.
- Arthritis – this is the inflammation of the joint. It has two major types; osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The pain usually results from osteoarthritis since the most affected area is weight-bearing joints such as the knee.
- Gout – this is the excessive amount of uric acid in the body. If not excreted properly, uric acid can be deposited and crystallized at the knee joint. When this happens, the knee can be limited in its movement because the crystallized uric acid blocks its smooth movement.
- Baker cyst – this type of cyst is fluid-filled and is usually growing at the back of the knee.
- Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome – this is a group of symptoms that has a chief characteristics of knee joint calcification.
- Chondromalacia – the structure that is primarily involves here is the knee cartilage. For some reason, the knee cartilage softens and becomes very prone to tear and excessive stretch. Female are more prone in developing this disorder.
- Bursitis – bursae is the small sacs in the joint that contain the synovial fluid. Inflammation of the bursae can cause significant pain and limit the motion of the knee.
Signs and symptoms of Knee Joint Pain
The Knee joint pain is very common. Since it is always used by the individual in every day living, the knees are prone in injury over time. There are various risk factors for an individual to develop knee joint pain.
It is important to identify the cause of pain in our body. This is necessary to effectively address knee joint pain.