Health is a basic need of any person. If we are healthy, the longer we live the better we performs our duty as a member of the family and as a citizen of the country. In the past, patients’ data is only stored on charts, ledgers, and filing cabinets that can be misplaced or lost. Information like this is very sensitive because the life and dignity of the patient are on the line. It can be used against him or her in trial courts or even destroys his or her reputation. The advancement in modern computing has able government to find better ways on how patient’s information can be protected and health care dynamic team communicates by utilizing intranet infrastructures and database.
Systems that Promotes Health and Protects Patient
HIE (Health Information Exchange) refers to the process of sharing patient’s information among members of the health care team electronically. Members of the health care teams are doctors, nurses, health institutions, laboratory people, radiologists, therapists, pharmacists, and other medical worker. Its primary objectives are to facilitate easy access and fast retrieval of data needed by the team to carry out its duty in providing optimum care for the patient, and reduce patient health expenses by eliminating duplicate lab test, minimizing use of office supplies, mailing of patient’s chart, and avoiding fax and phone verification. The system is also useful for health departments and public health workers to assess health status of the populace and formulation of steps towards helping the people.
CPOE (Computerized Physician Order Entry) is a computer-based system made for health care provider to easily communicate scripts to other members of the health care team regarding patient’s condition and drug orders over a network. Information is send electronically to prevent delays of doctor’s order completion, eradicate handwritten related errors, and allows double checking of physician’s order through offsite and portable electronic devices without looking at the patient’s chart again. It also allows physician to check for patient’s history, drug allergies or interactions, treatment failures or conflicts, and demographics before writing any scripts. This system has been proven to reduce stay rates of patients in the hospital and turnaround times for laboratory and radiology requests. Although the system is intended for physician’s use, the verifications of the medication lie on the hand of a pharmacist.
Both CPOE and HIE has an objective of enhancing the collaboration among health care members through improved and better communication while their primary requirement is to transfer data in a very fast and secure way through modern infrastructure. Using these systems, portability and improved documentation have been achieved through easy access anywhere and utilization of ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes. Real-time identification is already a reality and billing has become more centralized. Other systems have been formulated to further promote the well care of the patients and legislations have been passed where some are approved to even more protect the identity of the patients. The implementation and maintenance of these systems are not cheap. However, studies showed that hospitals and other health care institutions can save more if they will fully automate their information exchange and order system.
Making a patient well is not the only responsibility of health care providers. They must also protect the identity of their patient and learn how to utilize the power of digital technology in making the whole health care process effective and efficient.
Health is very important to everyone because if we are healthy the better we perform our duty for our family and country. Since patients’ identity and welfare are on the line, government have developed CPOE, Health Information Exchange, and other systems to protect patient reputation and at the same time improve the quality of health service being given by practitioners.