There are a lot of myths about the moon, like it's actually made from green cheese. We all know most of these to be false, but the legends from various cultures about the moon are actually quite interesting. There's something that can be mourned about having civilization today not giving tales of personification to the aspects of nature that rule the world. So thus, since we create no clever tales of our own, we must remember the tales that have already been made.
The story of Rona is the Maori myth from New Zealand. Rona was said to be the Sea God Tangaroa's daughter and in turn she controlled the tides. It is said that one night Rona was walking to the river to get a bucket of water. While she was walking, the moon was completely hidden by some clouds and Rona stubbed her toe. Angry that she could not see and hurt her foot, she made some very choice remarks at the moon. Angered by this, the moon reached down and scooped her up. The Maori believed that they can still see a woman holding a bucket within the moons surface, and when she turns it over, it rains.
There is also a different legend about a man named Rona. He walked through the forest and found the moon in coitus with his wife. They say that the phases of the moon symbolize their lovemaking.
This is one of the darker stories of the moon, though it also has a toned down version. Anningan is the Inuit peoples' God of the moon. It is said that he once raped his sister Malina, the sun Goddess, and she began to run across the sky. Anningan chased her continuously hoping to once again make her his. However, he soon realized he was starving and decided to take a break to hunt. The phases of the moon are Anningan running across the sky slowly getting hungrier and the new moon is when he takes a break to hunt.
Chang'e is a particularly well known Chinese myth about the moon and is the inspiration for the festival they celebrate each autumn. While there are different versions of the story the basic premise is that Chang'e and her husband Houyi were immortals that lived in Heaven. Then one day the ten sons of the Jade Emporer each decided to turn into the sun, this cause the earth to burst into flames. The Jade Emporer commanded Houyi to stop his suns from burning the Earth.
Houyi used his excellent archery skills to shoot down nine of the suns, leaving only one to warm the Earth. The Jade Emporer was upset with losing most of his sons and banished Houyi and Chang'e. Chang'e was distraught with he new status as moral. Seeing her distress, Houyi went on a great quest to obtain a pill for immortality.
Having gotten the pill, Houyi was instructed to only take half a pill for immortality. He journeyed home where his wife hastily took a whole one and floated up to the moon. She is now known as the woman on the moon
Mawu is one of the happier stories about the sun and moon being a couple, without all the rape and infidelity that other stories have. Mawu is an African God of the moon. He is partnered with Liza the sun Goddess. They are forever in unity in the sky, guarding the Earth. When Liza gets tired, Mawu takes over. Solar and Lunar eclipses represent them coming together in lovemaking.
Tsuki-Yomi is the Japanese God of the moon. He was said to be born from the right eye of his father Izanagi while his sister Amaterasu, the sun Goddess, was born from the left. Tsuki-Yomi and his sister lived happily in the heavens until Amaterasu sent her brother down as a representative to the Goddess of food, Uke Mochi. Uke Mochi prepared a wonderful meal for Tsuki-Yomi made from her own mouth and nose.
Tsuki-Yomi was so appalled and insulted by this meal, he killed Uke Mochi. Amaterasu was so angered by her brother's violence, she did not want to see him ever again. Since then, they have taken turns ruling over the sky.