Low blood sugar symptoms or rightfully termed, hypoglycemia is a condition caused when blood sugar levels, which is actually known as glucose, falls below a threshold our bodies cannot function at. To give a brief explanation this is how our systems handle blood sugar levels.
When we eat our digestive system converts that food extracting all the good bits such as vitamins, nutrients, fats and water etc. The remainder waste products is packed off through the intestines and eventually evacuated through bladder and bowels. The digestible carbohydrate element is converted into blood sugar (glucose) as our main source of energy. All cells use glucose as fuel.
The pancreas, a gland located just behind the stomach, has the job of producing a hormone called insulin. The insulin's function is to transport glucose to cells throughout the body and enable the cells to use the glucose. Various things can go wrong during this whole process such as too much or too little insulin, mainly due to diabetes. However there are numerous other reason why people can suffer low blood sugar symptoms.
Diabetes, as just stated, is the main cause of low blood sugar symptoms. There are many causes of diabetes including autoimmune disease, obesity or diet to name a few. The main point about being diabetic is that it occurs when the pancreas becomes impaired and produces either not enough insulin or none at all. In this situation glucose levels become out of control.
In regard to other causes for symptoms of low blood sugar besides diabetes it may be due to excess alcohol which over taxes the liver, kidneys and in time causes disease to those organs. Of course there are many other diseases that can damage the adrenal glands, liver and kidneys etc. that will ultimately affect glucose levels.
When a situation arises that constitutes low blood sugar symptoms there will be various tell-tale indicators that all is not well. As the partner of a diabetic I have learned to spot these symptoms early and can administer aid quickly to her. The main give-away signs that someone is suffering Hypoglycemia are :
Sweating: this can become severe. Within minutes the sufferer's clothes can become soaked.
Disorientation: the victim becomes confused and unable to understand simple commands.
Impaired speech: the victim's speech becomes garbled and slurred as though drunk.
Trembling: the sufferer visibly trembles or shakes uncontrollably.
Behaviour changes: the victim may become emotional, giddy, angry, violent or uncooperative.
Pupil dilation: one extremely telling symptom is very dilated pupils.
There can be several other signs and they may vary. Not all diabetics react in the same way. Most cases of hypoglycemia are recognised by the sufferer and dealt with fairly easily by eating biscuits, chocolate, toast or taking sugary drinks such as non diet sodas. As a carer, once you learn the ropes it is becomes almost routine to fix the situation. However, left unattended, low blood glucose patients can slip into a coma resulting in a life threatening situation.