Low Flush Toilets
Low flush toilets are one of the great innovations of man in an effort to make the world a cleaner and greener place. Low flush toilets are installed because of their water conservation properties. A standard flush toilet would use up to thirteen or three and a half gallons of water in every flush, but a low flush toilet only uses about six liters or one point six gallons of water per flush. These toilets were popularized during the 90's. President Bush even signed an energy policy act that did not allow toilets which have more than 1.6 gallons per flush.
The first low flush toilet was invented by and Australian. Because Australia has the driest parts of the world, there was a need to conserve water. With that, the dual flush toilet, a low flush toilet was born in 1982. This invention saves about 32000 liters of water in a household in one year. Thanks to the Aussie, low flush toilets today can be bought by most people. Price ranges for about 200-400 dollars in your local home improvement and plumbing stores or can choose to order in the comforts of your home through the internet. Low flush toilets are not only efficient and effective; they can also add character to your bathroom. There are different colors and designs available in the said stores above.
How it works
In the 1930s tanks were placed higher than normal to save water in flushing. The logic behind the scheme was gravity-assistance. At a higher altitude, gravity's force would be stronger. Gravity works well with more water, but not so well with only 1.6 gallons. Its force would supposedly compensate the little amount of water being used, but gravity can only do so much.
There's another kind of logic that is used by the technology of Japan's infamous Toto toilet brand. That is pressure assisted flushing. The toilets use pressurized air to push the water into the bowl more forcefully, which helps make up for the lower amount of water. The only down side to this type of product is that it makes a lot of noise because of the pressure.
There are also innovations made on the trap, the hole of the bottom of the toilet. It is now treated with glaze to lessen friction thus, water can easily pass through and this prevents it from clogging.
Conversationalist, George Whalen states that switching to water-saving fixtures can keep you from spending a hundred dollars a year in utility costs.
There is a way to convert your toilet into a low flush type, without having to buy a new unit. The logic of this tip is simple. The tank filled with water that flushes your toilet should only have a specific amount, the ideal 1.6 gallons. You cannot stop the water of a standard 6 liter tank from filling up to the height its suppose to reach, but you can trick it to think that it has reached its amount in the tank every time it refills. This is assuming that you haven't complied with US law and still use and possess an old unit.
You will first need to acquire an empty milk or juice bottle that's made of plastic. Remove the paper or plastic label on the outside and partially fill it up with pebbles. You can also opt for sand or gravel, whatever that's available. The weight of your pebbles/sand/ gravel will serve as an anchor to your plastic bottle and will prevent it to float around the tank and interfere with the mechanism. Then carefully place the bottle into a space in the tank and cover it with the lid. The volume of the plastic bottle filled with pebbles and air will be the volume of saved water during every flush. Though it is not as efficient as the actual low flush toilet, this tip can be a start in water conservation. Less water consumed does not only mean less on water bills, but also means more water for tomorrow's use.
Do your part
Installing low flush toilets in your home is one way to help preserve our earth. Simple things like changing your toilet fixtures can go a long way and can make a big difference. We might not take back the damage we have done to Mother Nature, but we can stop the damage we are doing at present. We must not underestimate the power of low flush toilets, as clichÃ© as that may sound. The efforts of the invention and innovation of such products are what propel us to a brighter future.