Spirochetes, which are corkscrew-like bacterium, can often cause an infection in people called lyme disease. By administering a bite that is often painless and unnoticeable, the deer tick (lxodes scapularis) can transfer lyme disease to other animals, and even humans. In 1975, in the town of Lyme, Conneticut, the initial case of lyme disease was first witnessed, thought to be a kind of arthritis. Not only can lyme disease cause problems akin to arthritis, it can affect your cardiovascular and nervous systems. Due to its tendency to look like many different ailments, Lyme disease is tricky to diagnose. Each different sufferer can see differences in the symptoms of Lyme disease and their intensity.
Remove any ticks you have latched to you at once. Do this as quickly as possible, as your chances of contracting the disease increase the longer the tick feeds.
Fine tweezers are ideal for this. Pinch your fingers on the nearest to your skin as you can, and pull off the tick at its mouth. Ensure that none of the pieces of their mouth are still in your skin. In the happenstance they are, they'll come out in a matter of days. Consult a physician if you still have the entire head in.
Apply rubbing alcohol thoroughly to both your hands and the area of the bite.
Store the offending tick in some kind of container. Display it to your doctor when you visit him.
Ticks shouldn't be deterred by a hot match, gasoline, kerosene, or petroleum jelly; this is a bad idea. Not only do these methods not work, they could even hurt your hair or skin. The tick can even react by releasing more bacteria in your system.
As a crushed tick can still get through the skin, be sure not to use bare fingers on it.
Each different person can show different symptoms and severities of Lyme disease anywhere from days to weeks after they are bitten. No matter what symptoms you get, one of them will likely be a rash, as 75% of infected bites will cause this.
You can help your chances of keeping the disease from progressing by getting treated as early as possible. However, your chances are optimistic even if your Lyme disease has progressed. It's difficult to get a consensus on the best Lyme disease treatment. If it's detected early, physicians often recommend a few weeks of oral antibiotics, such as amoxicillin. Later diagnoses will have to undergo twenty-one days of large doses of antibiotics. Amoxicillin, IV penicillin, or ceftriaxone are often the ideal treatments for women who are pregnant or lactating, or children younger than eight years old. In the case of these kinds of patients, don't administer tetracycline or doxyxycline.