Parents often must put their own needs aside to take care of their children. The list of parenting tasks is seemingly endless. In addition, all children are different, with individual characteristics and needs. Ask a group of parents what it takes to raise happy, healthy, well- adjusted children, and you hear many different opinions. Children's needs can be grouped into three categories. Physical needs, emotional and social needs and intellectual needs.
Unfortunately, some parents cant afford or don't meet all of their children's physical, emotional, social, or intellectual needs. These children tend to lag behind other children in their overall developments. They suffer from deprivation, or a lack of the critical needs and an encouraging environment that are essential for physical, emotional, and intellectual well-being. Some people mistakenly deprivation and poverty are the same things. This is not true. Deprived children can come from wealthy or poor families or anywhere in between. Money isn't the only factor; what matters most is whether a child's basic needs are met.
The most important and obvious task of parenthood is meeting children's basic physical needs. Parents are responsible for providing nourishing meal for their children don't need the latest most expensive styles, but they do need to be clean and dry and comfortable . In addition, children should have a safe, clean place to call home.
Parents are also responsible for the health and safety of their children. They schedule regular health checkups and provide care when children are sick or hurt. Ensuring children's safety includes using a car seat and/or seat belt while in a vehicle, making sure toys are safe and appropriate for the child's age, and eliminating hazards in the home so that children can safely explore their environment. In addition, parents should always make an effort to know where their children are, whom they are with, and what they are doing.
Emotional and Social Needs
A major parenting goal is to raise children who will become happy, independent adults who can support themselves. They may even go on to raise children themselves. To become independent, children need to learn how to function in the world and get along with others. For example, children need to learn how to show respect for figures of authority and concern for people who are hurt. Children learn these lessons through relationships with people who nurture them.
Nurturing children means giving them plenty of love, support, concern, and opportunities for enrichment. These factors help to meet children's emotional and social needs and help prepare them for their own adult lives. Parents and other caregivers can also aid in children's emotional and social development by removing as many barriers as possible that prevent children from exploring the world on their own, and yet still keep them safe. For an infant, this means providing a safe environment to explore. For a preschooler, this might mean her playing in the sandbox without worrying about whether clothes will get dirty. With reassurance and freedom to explore, a child develops a healthy emotional well being.
Parents can show children love and support in many different ways, a hug,kiss, or a smile. Unfortunately, some parents have difficulty showing affection for their children. They may be embarrassed or feel that affection will make their children "too soft". When a parent fails to recognize their accomplishments, children may feel insecure and worthless, Over the course of life, they may have a difficult time forming healthy relationships, because they didn't learn how to give and receive love.
Communicating and giving time and attention show children love and support. Actively listening is one way to show children that they are important.
Some parents become overprotective or over attentive, or both. They shower a child with too much attention, too many toys, and too many treats. They may try to shield the child from all unpleasant experiences. This can harm children ,too. Children learn from trial and error. They need to make mistakes so they can learn to deal with the ups and downs of life.
With parent as their first teachers, children begin learning at birth. With stimulation, the brain undergoes tremendous growth during a child's first years. Infancy can be a time of constant learning if a baby is given opportunities to learn. Early on their lessons come through touching, tasting, and looking at the objects around them. Parents can nurturing this early learning by playing with their children and filling their environment with interesting sounds, smells, sights, and things to touch. When parents stimulate young children in these ways, they help encourage brain development and a lifetime love of learning.
As children grown older, their intellectual needs also expand. They want to play games and explore more of their environment. Parents meet these intellectual needs by continuing to provide opportunities for play and learning. These can be as simple as playing ball in the park or borrowing books from the library.
Learning to read and enjoy books are keys to Intellectual development. Sharing books together can begin at birth. Infants simply enjoy the sound of the reader's voice. As they grow a bit older, they enjoy the pictures and story, and soon learn that the words on the page have meaning. Sharing books with children helps foster a love of books and a joy for reading. It also helps them learn about the world around them.
It is a myth that children need a lot of expensive toys. Everyday objects and experiences with nurturing adults can provide great opportunities for learning. Allowing children to explore in a safe environment is the best way to get children ready and excited about learning. When their intellectual needs are met at an early age, children are better prepared for school.
Having a child makes a person a parent, but it doesn't necessarily make a person an effective parent. Parenting skills don't always come naturally or easily. For most people, parenting is a learning process, one that occurs each and every day. Parent must work to develop the skills required to meet their children's needs, guide their behaviour, and help them develop positive relationships. It takes time to figure out what works for each parent, each child, and each family. Sometimes effective parenting means learning from mistakes and trying to do better each day.