Culex & Aedes Behave Almost the Opposite of Each Other
Did the WHO, CDC, and Public Health Agency of Canada Forget to Tell Us?
It's Willful Negligence, If You Ask Me
The Best Solution Is to Not Get Bitten by a Mosquito or Tick
Since public health authorities in North America fail to warn the public that six research teams found overnight-active Culex spp. to be vectors of Zika — most recently, in Florida — I felt compelled to tell you all about a mosquito (and tick) bed net that would help protect you, your children, and even your pet(s).
What You Need to Know About Culex, Ticks & Wolbachia
1) Most Culex spp. are larger, hardier and about 20 times more prevalent than Aedes.
2) Culex are more camouflaged, usually dull grey or brown (not black-and-white), so they are harder to spot.
3) All Culex spp. remained vagile [move freely] throughout winter.
4) The majority of feeding took place in the dark for all populations, which is consistent with studies of other Culex species ... neither the presence of CO2, nor the availability of a non-preferred blood type influenced peak feeding times.
5) Culex tend to take bloodmeals from birds early in the year (spring) and switch to humans July to November in North America. They can be active all year, though (depending on the region).
6) Also from my paper, Birds as Reservoir Hosts of Zika: What You Are Not Being Told:
Infected female mosquitoes can also transmit pathogens to their eggs (transovarian transmission), which survive through winter and then hatch into infected pupa which mature into infected adults. Infected ticks can also overwinter and transmit pathogens the same way.
7) Wolbachia strains horizontally transfer between unrelated host organisms over evolutionary time ... Wolbachia infections were highly prevalent infecting all Cx. pipiens populations.
8) Wolbachia has been identified in mosquito eggs, larvae, and pupae ... circulate widely in mosquitoes in nature and may be maintained in mosquitoes through both transstadial and transovarial transmission. Mosquitoes may have played an important role in the transmission and evolution of Rickettsiales (Wolbachia) in nature.
9) Wolbachia pipientis can be grown in human lung cells at normal body temperature (37 degrees C / 98.6 degrees F). This was known in 2003.
10) Wolbachia has been shown to infect a human without the nematode [worm] which points to direct mosquito-to-human transmission.
11) Wolbachia is a bacteria and reproductive parasite that can survive at least a week in a dead host with no decrease in viability.
Related Posts About the Dangers of Wolbachia infections (Rickettsioses)
FACT: You Cannot Detect (or Protect Yourself) While Asleep
FALSE: "It's only the daytime-active Aedes that I have to worry about."
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