Are we living in a crowded world? Increasing Population and Growth

Although all human beings are essentially the same, regardless of the language we speak or the colour of our skin; it is true that not all of us have the same conditions and living standards; depending on where you have born and currently live, you might be living a completely different lifestyle to someone born 500 miles away; however at the end of the day we are member of the same family and despite your location, we are all living in on our increasingly crowded world.


Population of the World

It is estimated that by the end of 2011 there will be about 6.9 billion people living on our planet; this is more than twice the total population in 1960 where there were only 3 billion human beings, and over 2 millions of the population in 2008; this is a dramatic and worrying level of increase; especially when we consider that almost 60% of us live in 10 countries and around 20% live in just one country - China, the world’s most populated country: more people live in China than anywhere on earth; and although it is a big country, the problem is that most people live in the big cities of the east and the south; creating serious problems in regards of pollution, lack of houses, traffic, and all the consequences than a rapid and growing population carries with it.

However, if we are more specific and analyse the total population against the total territory for each country; it is surprising to realise that there are many small countries with a very large population, many of them living in large cities; a good example is Bangladesh, the most crowded country in the world by square kilometre (there are more than 1,000 people per square kilometre).


Top 10 Most Populated Countries

According to the CIA - Central Intelligence Agency, in their publication “The World Factbook”[186]; the estimation of the population in July 2011, based on registration systems and sample surveys from the recent past as well as assumptions about future trends; the most populated countries in the world are: 

1 China               1,336,718,015
2 India 1,189,172,906
3 United States 313,232,044
4 Indonesia 245,613,043
5 Brazil 203,429,773
6 Pakistan 187,342,721
7 Bangladesh 158,570,535
8 Nigeria 155,215,573
9 Russia 138,739,892
10 Japan 126,475,664


Less Populated Areas in the World[186]

1 Pitcairn Islands 48
2 Cocos Islands 596
3 Vatican City
4 Niue 1,311
5 Tokelau 1,384
6 Christmas Island
7 Svalbard 2,019
8 Norfok Island
9 Falkland Islands
10 Montserrat 5,140


5 Major Problems with an Overpopulated World

1)  Fresh water: there are a shortage of fresh water in places like Africa and the Middle East and Asia.

2)  Deforestation: in order to provide more land for housing, as well as increased demand of items produced by trees.

3)  Pollution and traffic: increasing problem in big cities such as Tokyo, New York, London, and Paris; as well as many areas of China.

4)  Lack of houses: The high demand and low supply for housing in large and overpopulated cities make it very difficult to the normal population to afford a decent place to live; many human beings end up sharing the same house with parents, children and sometimes grandparents.

5)  Use and abuse of natural resources: more people are equal to more demand for natural resources.


There are also specific problem that affects mainly poor countries; example are: lack of food supplies, low life expectancy, increase in child mortality, unhygienic living conditions, increase in crime levels, etc.