The challenge of increasing reading and writing scores and skills in students from middle school to high school in such a way that the students are motivated to continually increase their skills involves cooperation from parents, students, teachers, school board, parent teacher organization, and the administrators. Working together on the common goal of motivating the students to continually increase their core class skills is important for the classroom in terms of behavior, grades, and the learning atmosphere. The school, as a whole, will receive increased rating on AYP, increased community support, possible grants, and a more motivated attitude among the students and faculty towards education and success. There is a need to organize improved techniques and strategies used to teach such concepts in a motivational way. "Motivation refers to the degree to which students desire to succeed in school, while affect refers to the students' emotional mood and personal feelings. Intrinsic motivation refers to participation in an activity purely out of curiosity, desire to succeed, or desire to contribute. Extrinsic motivation, however, refers to participation in an activity in anticipation of an external reward." (Dev, 1997) In order to improve scores intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors must be accounted for in lessons regarding reading and writing. The first step is to create a positive and energized classroom atmosphere that will, "improve self-esteem and self-efficacy, increase the personal investment in learning, make the learning fun and enjoyable, and use praise and rewards." (Mastropieri, M. &Scruggs, T. 2004 The Inclusive Classroom Pearson Education, New Jersey Ch.9 p.252) Motivation or the lack thereof, creates an eager or lackadaisical attitude in individuals and the group as a whole toward core subjects. Teachers, parents, and administrators are responsible for shaping a positive attitude, thus strategies and techniques for motivating need to be explored and implemented at home and in the classroom.
Motivational speakers, motivational research, and the psychology behind motivation would need to be explored. Major issues with test scores involve motivation to succeed and care about achievement. The importance of the intrinsic value created by achievement is a motivational factor. The attitude and motivation to succeed is the root of improving scores on standardized tests in terms of reading and writing. Research has shown that the better the reader one is, the better a writer, and both contribute to the comprehension of other core subjects presented on standardized tests. Motivating a student to read and write requires relevance and positive reinforcement for student achievement in order to contribute to the intrinsic value psychological need of motivation. There is a spiritual and psychological side to motivation that would need to be addressed and explored. The educational implication of motivating is correlated with attitude, and attitude can be shaped by a sincere devotion to find every opportunity to positively reinforce a student. This will allow them to build their confidence and face the challenges of education, instead of backing away and create a capable feeling. Students will see the relevance of learning and be motivated to improve because learning becomes efficient to them. "Do you see a person who is efficient in his work? He will serve kings; he will not serve unknown people." ( Proverbs 22:29)
Dr. Wayne W. Dyer is a motivational speaker. His ideas are based on the psychological aspects of behavior and feelings. He speaks in terms of ways to change. The orator has a way of relating obstacles and frustrations to a certain perspective. Reshaping the perspective involves opening one's mind to alternative thoughts, acceptance, and accountability. The change in perspective causes an increased motivation to change for a personal goal of success, and the accomplishment of the goal. In his book The Power of Intention Dr. Dyer states; "Be aware of low energy. Recall that everything, which includes your thoughts, has an energy frequency that can be calibrated to determine whether it will strengthen or weaken you. When you find yourself either thinking in low-energy ways, or immersed in low, weakening energy, resolve to bring a higher vibration to the presence of that debilitating situation." (Dr. Dyer, W. Wayne, 2004 The Power of Intention; learning to co-create your world your way Library of Congree ch.4 p.87)