Advanced mountain climbers know and understand the utmost importance of their gear is quintessential for their safety. Sports enthusiasts interested in taking up rock climbing for the summer season, here are ten basic equipments needed to start climbing.
Helmet â€“ A helmet is needed for the prevention of any head trauma, falling rock debris to absorb the impact of climbers hitting mountainside cliff. Climbers should get their helmet fitted for comfort and correct fit before purchase.
Shoes â€“ Climbing shoes are very important for mountain rock climbing. Sticky rubber soles give climbers a better grip, feel, and control of the rock compared to street footwear. For a snugger fit, socks should not be worn.
Harness â€“ Harness is one of the most important pieces of equipment for mountain climbers to have. The harness keep the climber safe, made of nylon with padding with climbers' comfort in mind by the manufacturers.
Webbing â€“ Although a strong rope, made of nylon woven into flat tubes about an inch across, only use this type of rope if not expecting to stop a long fall. Webbing is not known for its elasticity. This rope is often used to tie into a loop.
Rope â€“ Buy a rope that can stretch under tension in case in the event of a fall. With a diameter of 10 to 11 millimeters, the length of the rope should be at least 50 to 60 meters.
Belay device â€“ This piece of gear is used to stop a climber's fall. Make sure you know how to utilize you belay device you purchase because there are different ways of using them with different varieties. When buying, ask the salesperson for a demonstration.
Carabiners â€“ Carabiners are a locking gate that can be screwed shut, increasing its strength for holding a fall. In 'D' or pearl-shaped form, carabiner and belay device goes hand in hand, but sold separately.
Chalk/Chalk Bag â€“ Chalk is used to keep the climber's hands dry while climbing. These small chalk bags are placed around the waist with a small nylon cord/belt or harnessed with a tiny carabiner. Keep in mind for your big wall climbing, you'll want to make sure you keep hydrated for those multi-pitch routes, so make sure to pick up a Camelbak backpack, as well.
Monolithic Protection â€“ Made with lightweight aluminum, tapered and hex wedges are two types of monolithic protection. Both are used to wedge into cracks in the rocks, making it difficult to remove in one direction and easy to remove in another.
SLCD â€“ Spring-loaded Camming Device is another protection device that is easier to use than monolithic protection. The only difference is that it has moving parts that can adept to the rock and holds itself into place, making them more usable in most situations.