A mouse is a small species of mammal that is classified as a rodent. There are a few commonly known species of mouse, such as the house mouse(which is a popular pet), the American white footed-mouse, and the deer mouse. Deer mice, which is plural for mouse, have been known to live in houses. Most people will agree that these mice invading our homes looking for food and shelter are not in the best interest of our families. Naturally people seek out mouse exterminators to do the job that predators would be doing in their natural environment.
If you suspect you may have mice living in your house it is imperative that you look for a mouse exterminator immediately. They can do permanent damage to your walls can carry deadly diseases. Wild mice are not the kind of creature you want living in your home if you have a concern for the health of your family. Even breathing dust that has come in contact with the excrement of mice may lead to hantavirus. Hantavirus may be in the system of the human for two to four weeks before they begin to show any symptoms of the infection. This can lead to many different symptoms such as fever, chills, sweaty palms, explosive diarrhea, general malaise, headaches, nausea, abdominal and back pain, respirator problems that are similar to those caused by the influenza virus(the common cold), and it may even lead to gastro-intestanal problems. These problems are only the first stage that may last three to seven days. After that hantavirus can lead to many other problems such as renal failure(the failure of the kidneys), hypoxemia (a blood preasure problem), and many many other potential health problems that could result from hantavirus. This is definitely not the kind of virus you want you or your family to get anywhere near.
Mice are normally picked off by large birds such as hawks, but once they get into your house this will not be a possibility. Unless you have a cat that is particularly skilled at hunting, most domesticated house cats simply aren't, then you will have trouble getting rid of them once they start to breed. The gestation period for mice is as little as twenty days and the typical female can have as many as ten to twelve pups. In a very short period of time just a few mice could easily multiply into the hundreds. Given that they can probably find a nice warm area in your house and a easy supply of food they will be able to reproduce even more efficiently. Mice will find the inside of your house to be extremely helpful when they are trying to reproduce.
This is where mouse extermination or pest control comes in. This is defined as the regulation of a species that is considered a damaging to the health of the environment, a person's health, or the ecology. Clearly the mice can fit all of these areas. Aside from taking over people's houses they have also been known to destroy agricultural crops.
The first step to mouse extermination is to identify if there is actually a mouse in your house. It is important to note that the methods for mouse extermination can be quite different from the methods used to exterminate rats. You can easily tell the difference between the two just by looking at the creature. Mice have a much smaller body that you will probably consider more proportional. A rat has a bigger head in proportion to its body. The body of a rat will also be significantly larger. It is much easier for a mouse to get inside your house than a rat generally. This is because the mice are smaller and they can fit their entire bodies through a hole the size of a dime.
If you are going to be the mouse exterminator in your house then there are a few things you can try. The general motivator for a mouse to come inside your house is so they can get an easy meal. You can easily fix this problem by keeping your house, and the area surrounding your house much cleaner. Generally the mice will go for your trash cans. Make sure your trashcans are sealed so a mouse cannot easily get inside them. You can also make sure that all of your food scraps are inside the trashcan. Mice will also be motivated by water. You do not want to give them an easy water source inside or outside your house. Even your cat or dog water dish must be kept inside.
There are several methods to deter them from entering your house. First of all you should make sure that your house is clean. Things laying around such as dirty clothes, newspaper, and cardboard boxes are things to watch out for. In areas you may have potential mice problems you should also keep mothballs in the area. Like most creatures, mice hate the smell of them. Other things like cat urine and peppermint are good mouse deterrents. You can put these at possible entrance points or you can surround the entire perimeter of your house.
The other most common method of
killing mice is to use a trap. The most common, and likely
recognizable mouse trap, is called a snap trap. These will be very
easy to find. You can find them at home improvement stores such as
home depot and if you don't know of anywhere local you could even
order them online. Once you set the mousetrap up you can need to put
some kind of bait on it. You can use the obvious bait-cheese, or you
can use something else. When there were mice in my house we chose to
use peanut butter, which worked like a charm. If you are going to use
cheese you should consider using some kind of spreadable cheese so a
smart mouse cannot simply grab the piece and run. Other popular
methods include fruit and bacon. You may find a smart mouse can
simply grab the bait off of the trap without it going off however.If you are interested in a more humane way to kill mice you can find 'smart mouse traps.' These essentially starve a mouse to death by locking it in a chamber. I find this to be less humane then quickly killing them. It is also suggested that you do not use poisons to kill mice. This is because after they eat the poison they will likely wander into some part of your house you cannot reach, which obviously is a problem.