The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence [NICE] is an independent organization that provides responsible guidance on promoting good health and preventing and treating health disorders like diabetes.
Diabetes is becoming one of the major health problems worldwide. In 2009, it was estimated that there were 2.3 million people in the UK with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. A recent study says that an anticipated 17 million people in the U.S. suffer from diabetes, of which about 1.4 million have Type 1 diabetes. About 7.8 million men alone have diabetes. The highest occurrence of Type 1 diabetes is in Scandinavia, where it comprises up to 20 percent of the total number of diabetic patients. With rising numbers of people affected by the condition, the incidence of complications is also on the rise. Thus, it is good that we heed to the NICE guidelines for diabetes which are issued for the general awareness and precaution of all.
Once diabetes develops, it cannot be reversed. The disease can be so mild that people cannot take insulin or medications, or even observe nutritional limitations. Well-controlled diabetes help the patients live normal or nearly normal lives for many years. Here are the NICE guidelines for diabetes that every one should ideally be acquainted with n order to manage this disease well.
1. Know Your Family Medical History
If you belong to a family that has a diabetic member, be cautious. It is desirable to have an annual examination to rule out diabetes. Blood sugar test one and half hours after a hearty breakfast or lunch is a useful screening test. Nevertheless, it is advantageous to make the glucose tolerance test to detect early stage of diabetes.
2. Periodic Inspection
For those who already have diabetes, periodic examination is necessary to control your diabetes. This should include urine tests at home, which should be done at least once a month and blood sugar test in a reliable laboratory. In addition, it is obligatory that every year, you get your eyes, kidneys, heart and legs examined by competent professionals for detection of any possible complications. If it can be diagnosed early, it can also be treated more efficiently before it is too late.
3. Suitable Diet
All diabetics should be on appropriate diet as prescribed by your physician or dietician. For many, especially whose primary cause of illness is obesity, it may be controlled by diet alone. In addition to the diet, for some insulin is necessary and others are treated with oral drugs. The combination of insulin and oral medications may be useful for others depending upon their general health. Exercise is also an important part of diabetes treatment.Credit: By Adacik_Nakli_PLoS_Medicine.jpg: Giovanni Maki Atherosclerosis_diagram.gif: NHLBI derivative work: Bobby.OLeary [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
4. Controlled Blood Sugar
You should always try to keep blood sugar levels under control. It is also advantageous to keep the weight at the most ideal level. In addition, you should also regularly strive to keep your blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and fat under control. This will drastically reduce the risk of developing complications of diabetes and help to live a long and vigorous life.
These NICE guidelines for diabetes also provide clear, evidence-based recommendations for hospital staff treating patients who are admitted to hospital with diabetic foot problems or who develop them while in the hospital. The guidelines aim to lessen variations in the level of care that patients avail when they are in the hospital or at home, leading to fewer amputations and a better quality of life.