We all go to the doctor's office at least once a yearâ¦ or at least we should be. This is an integral part to our need to maintain our health and monitor our progress no matter if it is improving or deteriorating. One part of the doctor's visit that almost always occurs is the doctor draws blood for routine testing.
Doctors test for various conditions but one which is significant to more people every year is their fasting blood sugar. A normal blood sugar range for adults should be below 100 if the adult is fasting, anything above that number could indicate an increased risk for developing diabetes down the road.
Normal Fasting Blood Sugar Levels
Normal fasting blood sugar levels are usually below 100 in healthy adults. This basically means that healthy adults eat food and process it in the digestive tract. This processing turns the food into glucose which is then deposited into the blood for circulation to the cells all over the body. This is a completely normal process that everyone experiences. The difference is how the body responds to the glucose once it enters the blood stream.
What is supposed to happen at this point is the pancreas senses increases in blood sugar levels and begins producing the hormone insulin. The insulin enters the blood stream and acts like a conduit for the blood sugar and allows it to leave the blood and enter the cells as energy for the body. This causes a healthy reduction in glucose and returns the body to a normal blood sugar range. This is important because too much glucose in the blood or insulin in the blood for too long will slowly start to cause damage to the body.
Unfortunately many people suffer from insulin resistance where the body doesn't respond well to insulin in the blood stream. As a result these people need more insulin to do the same job. As a result blood sugar levels remain too high for too long and often do not settle all the way back into a healthy range. And because blood sugar level remain high for a long time so too do insulin levels, both of which can damage the body over long periods of time causing neuropathy, reduced blood flow to limbs and extremities forcing diabetics to wear special diabetic shoes and socks and reducing blood flow to the capilaries most notably the eyes increasing the liklihood of blindness.
People fighting this condition need to learn how to lower insulin resistance and reduce insulin levels by better controlling blood sugar. This can be done learning how to increase insulin production with the right foods or by improving insulin sensitivity by staying more active through exercise and lifestyle. No matter what path is chosen however the ultimate test of the health of the individual is by testing the fasting blood sugar levels to see if they are normal.
If you do not have normal blood sugar levels after a fast of 8-10 hours then you have to start taking action. A fasting blood sugar range for men and for women between 100 and 120 signifies pre-diabetes and is a warning for increased health problems down the road including diabetes and increased risk for heart disease and stroke. Start eating better foods and in smaller quantity and increase or begin a regimen if regular exercise and your blood sugar levels should improve slowly in time.