If there is anything that all diabetics have to be mindful of it is their blood sugar levels.  Normal fasting blood sugar levels for men are oftentimes one of the most closely watched measurements for the health of a pre-diabetic or diabetic man.  Whenever someone at risk or someone with a diagnosed diabetic condition visits their doctor for a checkup blood glucose levels are inevitably checked.

The best way to check glucose levels is after a fast.  For men who are at risk it is usually advisable to schedule morning visits with your doctor to check your glucose levels among other issues.  By doing this you can have dinner in the evening and then fast for 8-12 hours before visiting the doctor in the morning.  The fat gives you body an optimal amount of time to return blood sugar to an ideal range.

What Are Normal Blood Sugar Levels For Men

Normal blood sugar levels for men are no different than they are for women.  The main issue with blood sugar has everything to do with the spikes your glucose levels experience after eating certain foods and the amount of time it takes you body to regulate the glucose in your blood and return the levels to a normal range.

A fasting blood sugar range should optimally be in the vicinity of 90-100 mg/Dl .  This means that despite eating and converting food to glucose to be circulated throughout the body via the bloodstream, the body is able to bring sugar levels back down to this safe range in an acceptable amount of time.

Men tend to eat more food than women and if they are eating foods which result in quick increases in glucose then this can affect the amount of time it takes to bring fasting blood glucose levels back into the safe range.  For me it is very important to get the quantity of food you eat under control, especially if you have a history of overeating.  In fact, limiting the amount of food you eat alone can have a dramatic effect of managing fasting glucose levels.

High Fasting Blood Sugar Levels In Men

The dangers of having high fasting blood sugar levels are real. When your fasting sugar levels do not ever decrease into the safe range then you may begin experiencing the effects of chronic high blood glucose levels and the related effects of chronically elevated insulin levels.  Insulin is a hormone produced naturally by the body in the pancreas.  Its purpose is to allow glucose in the blood to be absorbed by the cells of the body so that it can be used as energy.  If the body doesn’t react to the insulin properly then blood glucose levels remain higher for longer periods of time.

In normally functioning bodies insulin and glucose in the blood is safe and to be expected but in people where glucose remains highly concentrated in the blood high levels of insulin also tend to be highly concentrated in the blood and over the long term these high concentration levels can slowly damage the body.

Some of the long term symptoms of these chronically high levels of blood sugar and insulin include peripheral artery disease as well as neuropathy, which is the leading cause of foot ulcers and amputations in diabetics. Essentially if your body cannot achieve a normal fasting blood sugar range the high readings will slowly cause diabetic complications which can be quite debilitating as you get older.

Diabetes is usually diagnosed when fasting blood glucose levels exceed 120-125 mg/Dl.  This does not take short term spikes of glucose into account but only fasting levels.  Your short term spikes are highly influenced by the foods that you just ate so measuring sugar levels after a meal may not be very accurate although they are worth understanding for different reasons.

What Causes High Blood Sugar Levels?

In a very simplified way of looking at things high blood glucose is the result of genetic predisposition, poor dietary habits, and a sedentary lifestyle.  There’s not much that can be done about genetics but the other two factors can easily be addressed.

The most immediate impact any one factor plays on blood sugar levels is the foods you ate in your last meal.  Even in very healthy individuals a big meal full of simple carbs and sugars can cause your glucose levels to rise almost immediately.  In people who have a healthy system these sugar readings do not spike very high and they return to normal ranges in very short amounts of time.  In fact many people with diabetes who have very well controlled blood sugar can even keep their levels from spiking above 140 mg/Dl.

For those people with poorly controlled diabetes short term spikes after a meal may go a bit higher although the 140 range is a goal that would be worth shooting for.  To achieve this you will want to make sure to eat foods which are low on the glycemic index as these foods cause a much slower release of glucose into the blood and result in much smaller spikes.  Eating these types of foods can also help with keeping fasting glucose levels in a lower and safer range.

On a more long term basis getting more active on a daily basis is very important.  There are countless studies that show a dramatic relationship between physically active people and better insulin sensitivity.  When people exercise their bodies respond to insulin more efficiently and sugar levels are more easily regulated.  This can help in minimizing sugar spikes as well as keep fasting blood sugar in a lower and safer range.

In men with diabetes both diet and exercise is important and keeping portion control in mind can help a lot too.  The target zone for fasting blood glucose levels in men may not be a lot different from women but they are very important to hit because men sometimes have the tendency to overeat and their life expectancies are naturally a bit lower.  Stay active and eat the right foods and you will have a much better time at keeping your fasting blood glucose levels in an acceptable range over the long term.