Nutrition can play a huge role in both the embryo and fetus. When women are pregnant, most say that they are eat for two and will eat as much as they want to. The truth is you only need an extra 300 calories a day, which is equal to about an extra cup and a half of milk. The type of food that you eat during your pregnancy also plays a role on the nutrition for your child. Eating junk food all of the time is not the answer. Resort to having salad and an apple for a snack instead of a chocolate candy bar. If you are having problems eating healthy it is important to talk to a dietary specialist so your eating habits don't play a negative role on your child's health. Eating healthy is one of the best things you can do for your unborn child.

Effects on Embryo
Nutrition has many effects on the embryo. Doctors will most likely prescribe prenatal vitamins when you first find out that you are pregnant. These vitamins, however, are not the only thing a mother needs to do to ensure the health of the baby. Energy is essential to the safe development of the baby. The mother should be eating the recommended amount of food to help the production of both fetal and maternal tissue. Certain precautions should be taken in the selection of food eaten. Foods rich in folic acid will help prevent the development of spin bifida by up to 70%. Also, the use of drugs, alcohol, and even caffeine can hinder a safe development of the fetus.

Effects on Fetus
Food selection in the fetus stage is very important. Grain foods that have a label "enriched" or "fortified" are very important. For the absorption of iron, a high protein diet including: meat, poultry and fish should be a main part of the diet. Dairy products are also essential as they provide a lot of calcium. Foods that are salty are essential, but a diet too rich in sodium can have adverse effects. However, as the pregnancy goes on there is a higher need for sodium. Pregnant women should remember that weight gain is not only normal, but essential to the fetus. A healthy, nutritious diet is an extremely important part of the process of a healthy, developing fetus. It is extremely important not to take in too much sugar when you are pregnant because it could lead to gestational diabetes during your pregnancy, and diabetes in your child. Children born with diabetes are known to be much larger as well and may cause complications during childbirth.

It is important to talk to your Doctor as to what you should be eating. Poor nutrition during pregnancy can carry over as the child grows up, mostly through vitamin and mineral deficiency throughout the child's life. It is also important to get in the habit of eating good now, because when your child is born, you will want to show them what a good diet is and the right foods to eat.