October was the eighth month of the year in the old Roman calendar, hence the prefix “Octo” on its name.  It retained its name after July and August were inserted in the calendar, making it the 10th month.  As with almost every other day and month of the year, there have been a myriad of things happen in October, so here is a list of a few, most just in the past 100 years.

October 1, 1908 - Henry Ford offers the Model T for sale.  It was the first car mass produced with interchangeable parts, marketing it for the middle class.

October 2, 1959 - The Twilight Zone premiers on television.  The show ran for five years.  In 2002 it was listed as Number 26 on TV Guides 50 Greatest TV Shows ever.

October 3, 1995 - The trial of O.J. Simpson for the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman ends in an acquittal.

October 4, 1957 - Russia launches first artificial satellite, named Sputnik, to orbit the Earth into space.

October 5, 1947 - President Harry S. Truman gives the first televised address from the White House.  He asked Americans to conserve food to help the Europeans, still recovering from the war and in need of help.

October 6, 1979 - Pope John Paul II is first pontiff to visit the US White House, where he was received by President Jimmy Carter.

October 7, 2001 - United States, United Kingdom, and Afghan United Front launch Operation Enduring Freedom, beginning the invasion of Afghanistan. 

October 8, 1956 - Don Larsen, of the New York Yankees, pitches the only perfect game to be pitched in a World Series.  Only 20 have been recorded in the history of Major League Baseball.

October 9, 2006 - North Korea tests a nuclear device.  The yield was smaller than expected, so it is unsure whether it was a success test, or a misfire.  The North Koreans had announced 6 days before that they were going to do the test, so this was also the first time a nation had announced a test.

October 10, 1933 - A United Airlines Boeing 247 crashed in Indiana, and the crash is found to be the result of a bomb on board.  It is the first proven case of sabotage in commercial airline history.  Alice Scribner, only on the job for a month, is also the first United Airlines Flight Attendant to be killed in a plane crash. 

Space Shuttle Discovery

October 11, 2000 - The 100th Space Shuttle takes off.  This is STS-92, and is flown by Space Shuttle Discovery. 

October 12, 1999 - This day is proclaimed as the day that the population has reached 6 billion.

October 13, 2010 – The trapped 33 miners in Chile are rescued after being trapped for a record 69 days underground.

October 14, 1962 – This day marks the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis.  An US Air Force U-2 flew over Cuba and photographs nuclear missile silos under construction.

October 15, 1997 - Cassini–Huygens space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral to study Jupiter.  It reached Jupiter in 2004, and in the mission was included the landing on Titan.  This was the 4 probe to go to Jupiter, but the first to orbit it.

October 16, 1940 - The largest of the Jewish Ghettos, the Warsaw Ghetto, is established by the Nazis in World War II. 

Mother Teresa(64517)

October 17, 1979 - Mother Teresa is given the Nobel Peace Prize for work with the poor, in an effort to help the cause of peace.

October 18, 1985 - Nintendo Entertainment System is released in North America.

October 19, 1959 - The first discothèque is opened.  A discothèque is a club where music is played by a DJ with recorded music.  Before this, entertainment was a live band.

October 20, 1947 - House Un-American Activities Committee starts an investigation in Communist Influence in Hollywood.  The results were a blacklist that prevented many from working for many years.

October 21, 1945 - Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.

October 22, 1957 - The first United States casualties in Vietnam are suffered when 13 military personnel are wounded in three terrorist attacks.

October 23, 2001 - Apple announces the iPod and it was released about 2 weeks later.  The product was developed in less than a year.  Apple was creating software for personal devices, and saw that digital music devices were substandard, so they decided to make their own.

October 24, 1945 - United Nations founded to replace League of Nations after World War II.  Currently every internationally recognized sovereign state, except Vatican City, is a member.

October 25, 1962 - Nelson Mandela is sentenced to 5 years in jail for leading a strike and leaving the country illegally.  While in jail, he faced more extreme charges and was sentenced to life.  He was released after 27 years, and went on to become President of South Africa.

October 26, 1994 - Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.  Jordan was the second Arab country to try to normalize relations with Israel.  Later, they opened border crossing with each other. 

October 27, 2004 – Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the first time since 1918, a stretch of 86 years.  The losing streak was the longest in history and known as the “Curse of the Bambino”, because the Red Sox had traded away Babe Ruth after winning in 1918.

October 28, 1971 - Britain launches their first satellite in to low Earth orbit.  It was the only UK satellite launched by a UK rocket. 

October 29, 1969 - ARPANET, the precursor of the internet, was tested in California and Utah.  This was the first connection of two computers over the net.  The first message was l-o, the start of the login of the computer.  And then the system crashed. 

Mount Rushmore(64518)Credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mt._Rushmore_Early_Morning.jpg

October 30, 1945 - Jackie Robinson breaks the baseball color barrier and signs to play with the Brooklyn Dodgers.  He went on to be the first black baseball analyst in television, and the first black vice president of a major American corporation.

October 31, 1941 – Mount Rushmore is completed after 14 years of work.  Initially the plan was to have the sculptures from the waist up, but the project was ended in 1941 due to lack of funding.