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Other Mental Disorders

By Edited Jul 22, 2016 0 0

Young people can have mental disorders other than anxiety disorders.  Some teens and young adults have mood disorders or schizophrenia.  Others have impulse-control disorders or personality disorders. 

Mood Disorders - People who have a mood disorder experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives.  Bipolar disorders is an example of a mood disorder.  Normally, people have moods that shift from happy to sad, based on what is happening in their lives.  People who suffer from bipolar disorder shift from one emotional extreme to another for no apparent reason.

Bipolar disorder is also called manic-depressive disorder.  During a manic episode, people are usually overly excited and restless.  They may talk so rapidly that it is impossible to follow what they are trying to say.  They may have difficulty concentrating for long on any one thing.  They often show poor judgement.  Manic episodes alternate with periods with deep depression.  Depression is aan emotional state in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless.  Inbetween manic episodes and periods of depression, a person with bipolar disorder may behave normally.

Schizophrenia - One of the most serious mental disorders is called schizophrenia.  It can be identified by severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior.  Schizophrenia means "split mind".  People with this disorder have minds that are split off, or separated from reality.

People who have schizophrenia are rarely harmful to others.  At times they may even appear normal.  At other times, they may talk to themselves, display inappropriate emotional responses, dress and act strangely, and withdraw from otehrs  Sometimes they develop fears that are not supported by reality.  They may believe that someone or something controls their thoughts or wants to harm them.

Impulse-Control Disorders - People with an impulse-control disorder cannot resist the impulse, or drive, to act in a way that is harmful to themselves or to others.  You may have heard of people who cannot resist the impulse to take items they do not need or want.  These people have an impulse-control disorder called kleptomania.

About seventy-five million people in the United States cannot control the urge to gamble.  Their need to gamble is so great that they will go into debt or even steal in order to continue to gamble.  This impulse-control disorder is most common among males.  Being able to place a bet on the Internet has contributed to the problem.  Plus, poker tournaments on television have made poker more popular among the younger people.  Uncontrolled gambling among male teens is on the rise.  One teen became so addicted to playing poker online that he lost five thousand dollars of his parents' money.  He then stole another three thousand five hundred dollars from a friend's house to continue gambling.

Mental health experts may add uncontrolled shopping to the list of impulse-control disorders.  For shopping to be classified as uncontrolled, the shoppers must buy many thins that they do not need and must know that they don't need these things.  The shopping must also interfere with work, school, or family obligations, or cause financial problems.  About eighty-five percent of uncontrolled shoppers are female.

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