Ovarian cancer begins in the tissues of the ovaries. Most tumors in the ovaries are benign, but when they do not go away on their own or they begin to grow a doctor will perform tests to determine if cancer is present. It is very important that the cancer be detected early enough so that treatment can begin before it spreads to other parts of the body.

Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer

Finding ovarian cancer in the early stages can be very difficult. The symptoms usually only begin to become apparent once the cancer has started to grow. If you are experiencing these early symptoms your doctor should see you.

• Swollen abdomen
• Pain and pressure in the abdomen or back. It can also be felt in the legs and pelvis as well
• Fatigue
• Nausea, gas, indigestion, constipation or diarrhea

These are the most common symptoms of ovarian cancer. Feeling short of breath or unusual vaginal bleeding are other symptoms that are not as common. A doctor will need to determine if the symptoms are caused by ovarian cancer or whether there is another cause for the symptoms.


Once diagnosis is made of ovarian cancer the doctor will need to determine the stage of the tumor. This is necessary so that the best course of treatment can be started. Local treatment is used on cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body; it is accomplished with surgery and radiation therapy.

It is sometimes necessary to treat with ovarian cancer chemotherapy. There are two different types of this chemotherapy. If the cancer is centered in the pelvis area, the chemotherapy will be administered into the abdomen and pelvis. This is called intraperitoneal chemotherapy. For more advanced cases of cancer there will need to be a systemic chemotherapy treatment. This is used when the chemotherapy drugs are needed in the entire body.

Treatments can be used in combination and your doctor will come up with a treatment plan that is appropriate for your particular condition. It is recommended that you get a second opinion when there has been a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Discuss any concerns that you have during your consultations with the doctor. Find out what the benefits of the treatment will be and if there are any other things that can be done to eliminate the cancer.

The ovarian cancer chemotherapy plan can take a number of different forms. Chemotherapy drugs can be administered in a few different ways. It can be given orally, through the abdomen or intravenously. There are a number of considerations and an overwhelming amount of information about ovarian cancer chemotherapy. Discuss your issues with the doctor and ask as many questions as you have. It is important that you are completely informed when you make these decisions for your health.