Information Technology, InfoTech, or IT, is a vast term used to cover a broad range of areas in the computer related fields. From the software, including operating systems, to the hardware within which the sofTechnology Overview" src="media/image/18641.jpg" align="right" border="0" hspace="" vspace="">tware resides and beyond, the facets are astounding.

The legally accepted definition of information technology was put forth by a federal agency and listed within Section 508 on 21 December 2000 as such:

"Information technology. Any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. The term 'information technology' includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources."

This does not include "electronic equipment" that resides in other mechanical devices that are not used to store or distribute information such as HVAC equipment. Electronic equipment has it's own section within the aforementioned documentation.

Information Technology is further subdivided into subparts as such:
  • Software applications and operating systems
  • Web-based intranet and Internet information and applications
  • Telecommunications products
  • Video and Multimedia products
  • Self-contained, closed products
  • Desktop and portable computers

Portions of this documentation and this definition was created to amend the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 794d). This specific section was inserted to help further clarify that all Federal employees with disabilites are due full and equal access to all information available to non-disabled Federal employees, when providing such information does not pose an undue burden upon each individual agency.

Additionally, there are several classifications and sub-classifications to each of the major divided topics of Information Technology. Software application development and information security and encryption are just a few of the various specializations available.

More and more as technology advances, the number specializations increase. Major medical IT specializations as well as scientific and business applications and computer systems (whether standalone or networked) continue to grow at a rapid pace. Already, this most recent documentation can be viewed as somewhat archaic, but the expansion of technological advancements certainly makes the revision quite a daunting task.