What is the Palaeolithic Diet about?
The paleo-diet (short for Palaeolithic) is claimed not to be one of the healthiest diets in the world, but actually the healthiest and most ideal diet in the world.
It goes more commonly by the name of 'the caveman diet' as the food choice n the diet is mainly based on hunter gatherers from the stone age and what they used to eat as their staple diet - hence the name 'Palaeolithic diet' as it refers to a time era of around more than ten thousand years ago.
The idea for the diet stems from the principle that the human body had genetically adapted to the type foods that were available to cavemen, and that these are the foods that allow the human body to function at its optimum.
And that the modern foods of today e.g. refined sugars, dairy products, are foods that the human body in the ten thousand or so years have barely had chance to adapt to yet in the way we have for products such as fish and vegetables.
There has been quite a bit of significant research into this diet (on both for and against) but there are scientific claims that people who are undertaking this diet are 'largely free of diseases of affluence' along with several 'positive health outcomes'. 
What Are the Potential Health Benefits from the Paleo Diet?
Lowers the risk of heart disease and lowers cholesterol, there are many contributing factors in the diet for this particular point, but the most prominent probably being the reduction in bad fats and small traces of salt.
Contributes towards weight loss and weight control, again as above probably many contributing factors from the diet, but one is that the diet helps you feel fuller for longer.
Skin, due to the natural make up of the food within the paleo-diet there are several claims that it significantly helps with people who suffer with acne.
Energy levels, research claims that people who are on the paleo-diet have improved energy levels and that these levels of energy rarely fluctuate i.e highs to lows.
Improvements in your mental state, there have also been quite a few researches claiming that test subjects claimed to be less depressed and generally 'happier' along with benefits when it comes to getting to sleep and actually sleeping.
There are also other claims from people on the paleo-diet such as an in improvement in hair growth, an improvement in vision and many more.
I would like to note that some of these are scientific and non-scientific claims in favour of the paleo-diet but there has also been scientific research that goes against certain claims of the paleo-diet as well, so it is up to you to interpret what you think about the diet from the results published via websites online.
Foods You Can and Can't Have With the Paleo Diet
To find out more about the kind of foods that you can and can't have with the Paleo diet, I recommend that it is probably best to check out the free Paleo Diet recipes and 'how to videos' online or cookery books that are specifically aimed at the Paleo diet like the highly regarded books of 'Everyday Paleo' and 'Primal Blueprint Quick and Easy Meals: Delicious, Primal-Approved Meals You Can Make in Under 30 Minutes'.
But here I am just going to give you some of the basics of the Paelo Diet as to what you can and can't eat - just to provide you with an overall idea of what this diet involves.
What You Can Eat in a Paleo Diet:
- Most Nuts
- Most Vegetables
What You Can't Eat in a Paleo Diet:
- Dairy products
- Anything with refined sugar
- Most Oils
- A lot of Salt
To find out more about specifically what you can and can't eat please check out articles such as Eating on the Paleo Diet'.
Guidance and Advice on the Paleo Diet
Before starting to carry out the diet, I believe you need to first conduct your doctor over the change in diet and explain them to exactly what kind of meals you will be undertaking to make sure they understand the situation.
I would also do at least a bit more research into the potential flaws with the Paleo diet both in terms of research and practicality in maintaining the diet. To get both sides of the story and determine whether this could be exposing you to some potential risk.
To conduct your research I would begin with looking at articles online preferably from both sides of the coin and unbiased articles. Also be sure to read academic research that is available and perhaps books to widen your knowledge on the topic further.