Asthma is considered a chronic respiratory disease of the airways. Inflammation causes the airways to narrow causing asthma symptom that include cough, wheezing, and being breathless, sometimes even gasping for air. Inflammation causes the airways to become sensitive to things around them like cold air, exercise, dust mites, air pollution. Stress and anger, or anxiety has a big impact on asthma attacks. Inhaled allergens include: animal dander, coach roach allergens, fungi (molds), tobacco, household cleaner, perfumes, and seasonal flowers and trees.
Asthma can begin at any age, but many people react to sinus problems or nasal problems, or can be sensitive to aspirin or medications. Adults become asthmatic because of things around them like pets, paint, plastic, wood, and dust. Certain occupations have an influence on the allergens around them, some are: animal handlers, bakeries, healthcare, jewelry makers, lab work, manufacturing, nickel plating and soldering, and painting.
When there is pediatric asthma, there is usually a genetic reason. Children's asthma occurs when they are sensitive to dust mite, pets, fungi, smells; they become sensitive to environmental allergens. Asthma children produce antibodies that are supposed to protect and destroy these allergens. It also has the effect of making airways sensitive and can set off allergic asthma. When children get viral infections that cause wheezing, it is a clue they may continue to have asthma as adults.
There are more children yearly having pediatric asthma now.
Asthma is becoming more common and more frequent causing more severe asthma
problems, even with newer prescription asthma medication available and better
treatment options for asthma prevention.
Changes take place in the person with asthma, making them have allergic asthma difficulties, their lungs becoming very sensitive. In an asthma attack the walls of the bronchi begin to spasm causing them to contract; the airways swell causing restriction. The airways become narrow as a result of having an asthma attack, which makes it harder to breathe in and out for the asthmatic person.
Management of pediatric asthma, people have to be educated about medications and asthma treatments. There are different asthma prescription drugs, which are subscribed depending on how severe your asthma is. It's important to be in contact with doctors for severity, and to be accessed for asthma triggers.
Having an asthma treatment program is important, taking the right medications for asthma attacks and having them monitored. A medication regimen may include bronchodilators, to relieve asthmatic symptoms. A good treatment program will return pulmonary function as close to normal as possible, maintaining normal activity including exercise, being cautious of drug side effects; preventing irreversibly airway restriction problems.