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Perfecting APA Formatting

By Edited Mar 17, 2014 0 0

 
Journal and Book Citing

 

Journals

Correct

Incorrect

Explanation

Niehuis, S., Huston, T. L., & Rosenband, R. (2006). From courtship into marriage: A new developmental model and methodological critique. Journal of Family Communication, 6(1), 23-47.

Niehuis, S., Huston, T. L., & Rosenband, R. (2006). From courtship into marriage: A new developmental model and methodological critique. Journal of Family Communication, 6(1), 23-47

 

 

The incorrect version has no period at the end of the page numbers.

 

Olson, L. N. (2003). From lace teddies to flannel pj's': An analysis of males' experience and expressions of love. Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, 4, 38-44.

 

 

Olson, L. N. (2003), From lace teddies to flannel pj's': An analysis of males' experience and expressions of love. Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, 4, 38-44.

The incorrect format has a comma after the date instead of a period.

Bell, R. A., & Buerkel-Rothfuss, N. L. (1990). S(he) loves me, s(he) loves me not: Predictors of relational information-seeking in courtship and beyond. Communication Quarterly, 38(1), 64-82.

Bell, R. A., & Buerkel-Rothfuss, N. L. (1990). S(he) loves me, s(he) loves me not: Predictors of relational information-seeking in courtship and beyond. Communication Quarterly. 38(1), 64-82.

 

The incorrect format has a period after the journal title instead of a comma.

 

 

 

Williamson, R. N., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (1985). Two approaches to marital interaction: Relational control patterns in martial types. Communication Monographs, 52(3), 236-253.

 

Williamson, R. N., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (1985). Two approaches to marital interaction: Relational control patterns in martial types, Communication Monographs, 52(3), 236-253.

 

The incorrect way has a comma after the name of the article instead of a period.

 

Stern, L. A., & Taylor, K. (2007). Social networking on facebook. Journal of the Communication, Speech & Theatre Association of North Dakota, 20, 9-20.

 

Stern, L. A., & Taylor, K. 2007. Social networking on facebook. Journal of the Communication, Speech & Theatre Association of North Dakota, 20, 9-20.

 

The incorrect format does not have parenthesis around the date.

 

Books

Correct

Incorrect

Explanation

 

Trenholm, S., & Jensen, A. (2007). Interpersonal Communication (6th ed.). Oxford University Press.

 

 

Jensen, A., & Trenholm, S., (2007). Interpersonal Communication (6th ed.). Oxford University Press.

 

The incorrect version has the authors alphabetized when in fact the authors should be listed by importance, i.e. the order given on the book or article. 

 

Schlessinger, L. (2006). Proper Care and Feeding of Husbands . New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Schlessinger, L. (2006). Proper Care and Feeding of Husbands . New York HarperCollins Publishers.

The incorrect version does not have a colon after the city it was published in and the publisher’s name.

Stone, D., Patton, B., & Heen, S. (1999). Difficult Conversations: How to Discuss What Matters Most . Penguin Group .

Stone, D., Patton, B., Heen, S. (1999). Difficult Conversations: How to Discuss What Matters Most . Penguin Group .

 

The incorrect format does not have a “&” symbol between the second and the third authors name.

Harley, W. F. (2001). His Needs, Her Needs: Building an Affair-Proof Marriage . Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Publishing Group.

Harley, Willard (2001). His Needs, Her Needs: Building an Affair-Proof Marriage . Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Publishing Group.

 

The incorrect way has the author’s full name instead of just the first initial.

Robinson, J. (1997). Communication Miracles for Couples: Easy and Effective Tools to Create More Love and Less Conflict . Red Wheel/Weiser.

 

Robinson, Jonathan. Communication Miracles for Couples: Easy and Effective Tools to Create More Love and Less Conflict . Red Wheel/Weiser, 1997.

The incorrect way is cited in MLA format.  MLA is a format that most people are introduced first before APA.  It is very easy to confuse these two formats. 

Short Quotes

 

Olson (2003) found that, “many of the men stated that they expressed their love in ways that, while not necessarily conformable to them, made their spouses happy” (p. 42). 

 

The study showed there was, “no gender difference in the number of tests reported” (Bell & Buerkel-Rothfuss, 1990, p. 79).

 

Williamson & Fitzpatrick (1985) study showed, “Marriages can be differentiated by various ideological orientations, patterns, of companionship and sharing, and levels of conflict and assertiveness”  (p. 251).

 

Long Quotes

 

Olson’s (2003) study found the following:

            Several of the themes identified support other research on love and intimacy (e.g., Kelley, 1979; Register & Herdey, 1992). The commonalties of these themes highlight the possibility for the existence of universal, non-gender specific experiences of love. They also suggest several important issues that researchers need to take into account when empirically measuring and studying romantic love. (p. 42)

          

Bell & Buerkel-Rothfuss’ (1990) study found the following:

First, the use of direct interrogation was quite common; approximately 30% of the tests

reported were Directness tests. Second, almost one-half of the time, the tests served

as the impetus to explicit discussions about the nature of the relationship. Third,

"secret" implies that the process of acquiring information about the relationship is a

deliberate, conscious and planned when, in fact, over two-fifths of the tests reported

involved the attribution of relational meaning to situations that were not originally

intended as information acquisition attempts. (p.80)

 

Williamson & Fitzpatrick’s (1985) study found the following:

Relationships can be defined by their emergent interaction control patterns.  Couples who use a predominance of symmetry are symmetrical couples; those who use a predominance of complementarily are complementary couples; and those who balance both patterns are parallel couples. (p. 250)

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